Cresson, Edith

Cresson, Edith

▪ premier of France
née  Campion 
born January 27, 1934, Boulogne-Billancourt, near Paris, France
 premier of France from May 15, 1991, to April 2, 1992, the first woman in French history to serve as premier.

      Daughter of a French civil servant, she studied at the School of Higher Commercial Studies, earning a doctorate in demography, and in 1959 married Jacques Cresson, an executive with the automaker Peugeot. She joined the Socialist Party in 1965 and worked vigorously in François Mitterrand's (Mitterrand, François) failed presidential campaign of that year. She ran unsuccessfully for a parliamentary seat in 1975 but was subsequently elected mayor of Thuré (1977), member of the European Parliament (1979–81), and mayor of Châtellerault (1983). After Mitterrand's election to the presidency in 1981, Cresson served in a number of ministries—agriculture, tourism and foreign trade, industry and foreign trade, and European affairs—and became known for her outspokenness and combativeness.

      In 1986 Cresson was elected as a Socialist deputy from Vienne. When Michel Rocard (Rocard, Michel) resigned the French premiership in 1991, her friend Mitterrand appointed her premier. She sought to improve France's industrial competitiveness while reducing social inequities. Rising unemployment and declining support for the Socialist Party among the voters prompted Mitterrand to replace Cresson as premier after she had been in office less than a year, however. In 1995 Mitterrand appointed Cresson to serve as European commissioner for science, research, and education. Some of her subsequent decisions elicited controversy and criticism, as did her inaction to correct known financial irregularities. Cresson and the entire European Commission resigned in 1999 because of alleged fraud and corruption. Charges were later brought against Cresson in 2003, although they were reduced the following year. In 2006 she was found guilty of favouritism and misconduct; however, no penalty or punishment was decreed.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Cresson, Édith — (1934 )    political figure, prime minister    The first woman to become prime minister of France, Édith Cresson was born in Boulogne sur Seine and educated in Paris. She served as a Socialist deputy in the National Assembly from 1981 to 1993,… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Edith Cresson — Édith Cresson Pour les articles homonymes, voir Édith et Cresson. Édith Cresson …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Edith Cresson — Édith Cresson, 2007 Édith Cresson (* 27. Januar 1934 in Boulogne Billancourt bei Paris) ist eine französische Politikerin. Sie war die erste Frau im Amt des französischen Premierministers und bekleidete dieses Amt knapp elf Monate lang. Cresson… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Édith Cresson — (Boulogne Billancourt, 27 de enero de 1934 ) Política francesa. Fue la primera, y hasta ahora única, mujer en desempeñar el cargo de Primer Ministro de Francia, entre 1991 y 1992. En las elecciones municipales de 1977, fue elegida alcaldesa de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Édith Cresson — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cresson. Édith Cresson Édith Cresson, en 2007 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Édith Cresson — Édith Cresson, 2007 Édith Cresson (* 27. Januar 1934 in Boulogne Billancourt bei Paris) ist eine französische Politikerin (PS). Sie wurde 1991 als erste Frau französische Premierministerin, bekleidete dieses Amt jedoch nur knapp elf Monate lang.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cresson — may refer to: Places Battle of Cresson, a small battle fought on May 1, 1187 in what now is Israel, near Nazareth Cresson, Pennsylvania, a United States borough Cressona, Pennsylvania, a United States borough Cresson Township, Pennsylvania, a U.S …   Wikipedia

  • Cresson — ist der Name von: Édith Cresson (* 1934), französische Politikerin Ezra Townsend Cresson (1838 1926), US amerikanischer Entomologe Cresson (Minnesota) Cresson (Pennsylvania) Cresson (Texas) Cresson (Gattung); einer Gattung der Grabwespen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Edith — Édith  Pour l’article homophone, voir EDIT. Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Édith est un prénom germanique féminin qui peut faire référence à : Saintes et bienheureuses Voir… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cresson —   [krɛ sɔ̃ ], Edith, frz. Politikerin, * Boulogne Billancourt 27. 1. 1934; Agrarwirtschaftlerin, Mitgl. der Sozialist. Partei, 1981 90 mehrfach Ministerin, 1991 92 Premierministerin, 1995 99 (Rücktritt) EU Kommissarin für Forschung und Ausbildung …   Universal-Lexikon

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