Cordeliers, Club of the

Cordeliers, Club of the

▪ French political history
formally  Society of the Friends of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen , French  Club des Cordeliers , or  Société des Amis des Droits de l'Homme et du Citoyen 

      one of the popular clubs of the French Revolution, founded in 1790 to prevent the abuse of power and “infractions of the rights of man.” The club's popular name was derived from its original meeting place in Paris, the nationalized monastery of the Cordeliers (Franciscans). It became a political force under the leadership of such men as Jean-Paul Marat and Georges Danton. After Louis XVI's flight to Varennes (June 1791), the Cordeliers, now meeting at the Salle du Musée in the Place de Thionville (modern Place Dauphine), demanded the deposition of the King and organized the famous demonstration in the Champ-de-Mars (July 17) to present their petition. The demonstration, dispersed by the National Guard, resulted in the deaths of 50 demonstrators and in the temporary disbanding of the club.

      After the fall of the monarchy (August 1792), Danton and his friends abandoned the leadership of the club to such men as Antoine-François Momoro and Jacques-René Hébert, who took a large part in the overthrow of the Girondins and gave the club an increasingly radical tone. The club favoured local autonomy, direct democracy, the atheistic program of the Paris Commune, and the formation of a “Revolutionary army” to advance the popular movement. After an unsuccessful insurrection in 1794, Hébert and his friends were arrested and executed; thereafter the club fell into oblivion.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cordeliers Club — (Cordeliers, Club des)    The Club des Cordeliers, or Cordeliers Club, known also as the Société des amis des droits de l homme, was a revolutionary club founded in April 1790, during the revolution of 1789 by georges danton. It counted among its …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Cordeliers Club — officially Society of the Friends of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen Club founded in 1790 during the French Revolution to prevent the abuse of power and infractions of the rights of man. Popularly named for its original meeting place at the… …   Universalium

  • Cordeliers — The Cordeliers Convent in 1793 The Cordeliers, also known as the Club of the Cordeliers, Cordeliers Club, or Club des Cordeliers and formally as the Society of the Friends of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen (Société des Amis des droits de… …   Wikipedia

  • Cordeliers Convent — There were several Cordeliers Convents in France. This article is about the one in Paris. The Cordeliers Convent in 1793 The Cordeliers Convent (French: Couvent des Cordeliers) was a convent in Paris, France. It gave its name to the Club of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Club — This article is about the type of organization of formal or informal membership. For other uses, see Club (disambiguation). A club is an association of two or more people united by a common interest or goal. A service club, for example, exists… …   Wikipedia

  • club — /klub/, n., v., clubbed, clubbing, adj. n. 1. a heavy stick, usually thicker at one end than at the other, suitable for use as a weapon; a cudgel. 2. a group of persons organized for a social, literary, athletic, political, or other purpose: They …   Universalium

  • CORDELIERS —    (1) the strictest branch of the Franciscan Order of Monks, so called from wearing a girdle of knotted cord; (2) also a club during the French Revolution, founded in 1789, its prominent members, Danton, Camille Desmoulins, and Marat; was a… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • cordeliers — cor·de·lier || ‚kɔːdɪ lɪə n. (French) Franciscan friar (so called due to the knotted cord worn as a girdle); member of a French political club during the first Revolution which met in an old Cordelier convent in Paris (French history) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Club Breton — Panneau d information sur la façade de l ancien café Amaury à Versailles[1] Le club breton désigne un groupe de députés de Bretagne aux États généraux, puis à la Con …   Wikipédia en Français

  • The Legislative Assembly and the fall of the French monarchy — The French Revolution was a period in the history of France covering the years 1789 to 1799, in which republicans overthrew the Bourbon monarchy and the Roman Catholic Church perforce underwent radical restructuring. This article covers the one… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”