▪ Roman author
Latin in full  Claudius Claudianus  
born c. 370, , Alexandria
died c. 404, , Rome

      last important poet of the classical tradition. Coming to Italy and abandoning Greek, he showed his mastery of Latin in a poem celebrating the consulship (395) of Probinus and Olybrius. An epigram on his superior, the Greek Hadrianus, Deprecatio ad Hadrianum, jeopardized his civil post; but, by assiduously praising Stilicho (Stilicho, Flavius), minister of the Western emperor Flavius Honorius, and denouncing his rivals at the court of Flavius Arcadius, he gained the position of tribunus et notarius, the rank of vir clarissimus, and the honour of a statue.

      The Stilicho poems were issued after Claudian's death but before the downfall of Stilicho in 408. They form part of the canon, in two books, known as Claudianus major, together with epistles, epigrams, and idylls. The longer poems are panegyrics on the consulships of Honorius, Mallius Theodorus, and Stilicho. A third book celebrates Stilicho's entry into Rome. There are also invectives against ministers of Arcadius, two poems addressed to Serena, wife of Stilicho, who helped to arrange Claudian's marriage, two epithalamiums, a delightful De sene Veronensi (“Old Man of Verona”), and Gigantomachia (“Battle of the Giants”).

      Claudianus minor contains the mythological epic Raptus Proserpinae (“The Rape of Proserpine”), on which Claudian's medieval fame largely depended. The second book of the epic has an elegiac epistle addressed to Florentinus, the city prefect, and reflects Claudian's interest in the Eleusinian mysteries.

      Regarded in the Middle Ages as nearly the peer of Statius and Lucan, Claudian is faulted by modern critics for rhetoric too elaborate for his inferior themes, but his work is valuable as a historical source, and his fertility of invention and scathing invective compel attention. His diction and prosody are impeccable; yet their very smoothness proves tedious, and his graces too often seem engine-turned.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • CLAUDIAN° — (Claudius Claudianus; fourth century C.E.), Latin poet. He mentions the imaginative pictures of India painted upon Jewish veils in Eutropium, 1:350ff. If the text is   correct, it contains a unique reference to ornamented Jewish fabrics and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Claudian — Claudius Claudianus (kurz Claudian; * um 370; † um 404/5) war der bedeutendste lateinische Dichter der Spätantike. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2 Literatur 2.1 Ausgaben und Übersetzungen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Claudian — Works of Claudius Claudianus German translation by Georg Freiherr von Wedekind, 1868 Claudian (lat. Claudius Claudianus) was a Roman poet, who worked for Emperor Honorius and the latter s general Stilicho. A Greek speaking citizen of Alexandria… …   Wikipedia

  • Claudian —    Claudius Claudianus (ca. 370 ca. 404), a Latin rhetorical poet from Alexandria (q.v.), who made a career for himself in the West writing panegyrics for prominent personages such as Theodosios I, Honorios, and Stilicho (qq.v.), who was Claudian …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Claudian letters — The Claudian letters were developed by, and named after, the Roman Emperor Claudius (reigned 41–54). He introduced three new letters: a reversed C (antisigma) to replace BS and PS, much like X stood in for CS and GS. The appearance of this letter …   Wikipedia

  • CLAUDIAN —    a Latin epic poet of the 4th century, born in Alexandria, panegyrist of Stilicho on his victory over Alaric; a not unworthy successor of Catullus and Propertius, though his native tongue was Greek …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • CLAUDIAN — Claudiano …   Abbreviations in Latin Inscriptions

  • claudian — clau·di·an …   English syllables

  • claudian — ˈklȯdēən adjective Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: Latin Claudius, a Roman gens name + English an : of or relating to any of several celebrated Romans of the name of Claudius or the gentes, one patrician and the other plebeian, to which… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Julio-Claudian dynasty — The Julio Claudian Dynasty refers to the first five Roman Emperors: Augustus (Octavian), Tiberius, Caligula (Gaius), Claudius, and Nero. They ruled the Roman Empire from 27 BC to AD 68, when the last of the line, Nero, committed suicide. These… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”