Chinese Pidgin English

Chinese Pidgin English

      a modified form of English (English language) used as a trade language between the British and the Chinese, first in Canton, China, and later in other Chinese trade centres (e.g., Shanghai). Although some scholars speculate that Chinese Pidgin English may be based on an earlier Portuguese pidgin used in Macao from the late 16th century (as evidenced by certain words seemingly derived from Portuguese rather than English), after the British established their first trading post in Canton in 1664 any Portuguese influence was minimal. Because the British found Chinese an extremely difficult language to learn and because the Chinese held the English in low esteem and therefore disdained to learn their language, Pidgin English was apparently developed in the 18th century to facilitate communication between Chinese and British traders. Its name—which is thought to be the source of the term pidgin as used in linguistics—was not documented, however, until the early 19th century. The word pidgin is believed to be a modification of the Cantonese pronunciation of the English word business, reflecting the fact that Chinese Pidgin English was principally used for business purposes. The language was also sometimes used as a common language among Chinese speakers of mutually unintelligible dialects.

      As the nature of China's trade with England changed, more Chinese people chose to learn standard English, and pidgin became negatively associated with interactions between foreigners and their Chinese servants. Chinese Pidgin English thus lost its prestige and, increasingly, its usefulness and died out by the mid-20th century. Although the language is no longer spoken, some creolists claim that Chinese Pidgin English is the variety from which several Pacific pidgins developed.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chinese Pidgin English — Spoken in China Native speakers Extinct (in China) Possibly evolved into Chinglish, and into English loanwords in Chinese dialects  (date missing) Language family En …   Wikipedia

  • Chinese-ordered English — (COE) is the use of English words to represent the meaning of Chinese phrases and sentences that maintains the word order (syntax) of the original Chinese. COE was conceived as a technique by the Confucius Institute at Michigan State University… …   Wikipedia

  • Chinese Pidgin English — ISO 639 3 Code : cpi ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • Pidgin English — is a non specific name used to refer to any of the many pidgin languages derived from English. English based pidgins include: *American Indian Pidgin English *Bislama (Vanuatu Pidgin English) *Broome Pidgin English *Cameroonian Pidgin English… …   Wikipedia

  • pidgin English — pidg′in (or Pidg′in) Eng′lish n. 1) peo Chinese Pidgin English 2) peo any of various other pidgins with lexicons taken primarily from English, as Bislama and New Guinea Pidgin • Etymology: 1820–30; pidgin, pigeon < Chin Pidgin E: business,… …   From formal English to slang

  • pidgin English — noun Usage: often capitalized P Etymology: Chinese Pidgin English pidgin business Date: 1859 an English based pidgin; especially one originally used in parts of east Asia …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • pidgin English — n. [see PIDGIN] 1. a simplified form of English used by certain peoples of E Asia and the South Pacific in dealing with foreigners: there are two forms, Chinese pidgin and Melanesian pidgin, the former based on the syntax of Chinese, the latter… …   English World dictionary

  • pidgin english — noun Usage: usually capitalized P&E Etymology: pidgin from Pidgin English, business modification of English business : an English based pidgin originally used in Chinese ports * * * 1. a pidgin language based on English formerly used in commerce… …   Useful english dictionary

  • pidgin English — 1. a pidgin language based on English formerly used in commerce in Chinese ports. 2. a similar language used in other areas, such as Papua New Guinea (where it has semiofficial status) and parts of West Africa. Also, Pidgin English. [1820 30;… …   Universalium

  • Nauruan Pidgin English — Spoken in Nauru Native speakers Language family English based pidgin Language codes …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”