city, northern Portugal. It lies along the Tâmega River, north-northeast of Vila Real town. The city, 5 miles (8 km) south of the Spanish frontier, is the site of a spa, the Chaves thermal springs, known as Aquae Flavius to the Romans, who fortified it. Chaves was later dominated successively by the Suebi, Visigoths, Arabs, and Spanish. Roman remains include a fully functioning 16-arch bridge and two inscribed columns. There are several notable medieval churches and a castle of the dukes of Bragança. An agricultural and textile centre, Chaves is also known for its smoked ham. An anthropological institute is located in the city. Pop. (2005 est.) 44,298.

      county, southeastern New Mexico, U.S. Most of Chaves county lies in the Great Plains, with the extreme western section including the Guadalupe and Sacramento Mountains and a portion of the Lincoln National Forest. On the east lies Mescalero Ridge. In the flat-to-rolling Pecos River valley are Bitter Lake National Wildlife Refuge and Bottomless Lakes State Park. The county is scarred with dry creek beds, lakes, and reservoirs; the Pecos River flows southward through the centre.

      By the 16th century the region was home to nomadic Jumanos Indians, who lived by hunting buffalo, but by the mid-19th century it was the domain of Apaches. The expeditions of Antonio de Espejo (1583) and Gaspar Castáño de Sosa (1590) passed along the Pecos. Irrigation farming began in 1880; the 1891 discovery of an artesian basin beneath the county led to its development as one of New Mexico's leading agricultural areas (cattle, milk, hay, cotton). Chaves county was established in 1889.

      While Walker Air Force Base operated there (1941–68), the U.S. government was a major element in the county's economy. Since then oil and natural-gas extraction, health care, retail and wholesale trade, and manufacturing (motor-vehicle bodies, food, clothing), centred in the city of Roswell, the county seat, have been its economic bases. Area 6,071 square miles (15,725 square km). Pop. (2000) 556,678; (2007 est.) 629,292.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • CHAVES — CHAVES, city in N. Portugal, W. of Bragança. A large Jewish community existed there in the Middle Ages noted for its bet midrash, said to have been named Genesim, after the Book of Genesis. The community was granted a charter of privileges in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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  • Chaves [2] — Chaves (spr. schāwēsch), Emanuel de Silveyra Pinto de Fonseca, Graf von Amarante, Marquis von, portug. Staatsmann, geboren zu Villareal, gest. 7. März 1830, focht 1809–14 mit Auszeichnung, bekämpfte später (1823) die konstitutionelle Partei und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Chaves — Chaves, Fernando Chaves, Manuel …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Chāves [1] — Chāves (spr. Schawes), 1) Stadt am Tamejo in der portugiesischen Provinz Tras os Montes; über den Fluß führt eine alte römische Brücke von 18 Bogen; salzige heiße Quellen u. stark besuchte Bäder, schon von den Römern gebraucht (Aquae Flaviae);… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Chaves [1] — Chaves (spr. schāwèsch), Stadt im portug. Distrikt Villa Real (Provinz Traz os Montes), 10 km von der spanischen Grenze, im fruchtbaren Tal des Tamega, über den eine Römerbrücke aus der Zeit Trajans (154 m lang mit 16 Bogen) führt, hat eine… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Chaves — (spr. schahwesch), befestigte Stadt in der portug. Prov. Traz oz Montes, (1900) 6463 E.; Salzthermen …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Chaves — Chaves, Emmanuel de Silveyra, Graf von Amaranthe, Marquis de, Anhänger Dom Miguels, bekannt durch seine Schilderhebung vom 23. Februar 1823 gegen die Constitution; sie mißlang, doch arbeitete C. immer für Dom Miguel, wurde auch als dieser… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

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