Ceawlin

Ceawlin

▪ king of Wessex
died 593

      king of the West Saxons, or Wessex, from 560 to 592, who drove the Britons from most of southern England and carved out a kingdom in the southern Midlands.

      Ceawlin helped his father, King Cynric, defeat the Britons at Beranbyrg (Barbury) in 556. In 568, eight years after he assumed the West Saxon kingship, Ceawlin and his brother Cutha severely defeated King Aethelberht I of Kent. Ceawlin's victory over the Britons at Deorham (Dyrham) in 577 led to the capture of Gloucester, Cirencester, and Bath. The valley of the lower Severn River was thereby opened to West Saxon colonists, and the Britons of Wales were cut off from their kinsmen on England's southwestern peninsula.

      Nevertheless, a king named Ceol seized at least part of Ceawlin's lands in 591. After being defeated by Ceol at Woddesbeorg (or Wodnesbeorg; now Adam's Grave in Wiltshire) in 592, Ceawlin was driven into exile. He was killed the next year. The 8th-century historian Bede included him in his list of seven successive rulers who were overlords (bretwaldas) of all the lands south of the Humber.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Ceawlin — (auch Ceaulin, Caelin; † 593) war von 560 bis 591/593 oder von 581 bis 588[1] König der Gewissæ, einer Volksgruppe die im 7. Jahrhundert als „Westsachsen“ das angelsächsische Königreich Wessex bildete.[2] Im Eintrag des Jahres 827 (829) der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Ceawlin —   [englisch kjaʊlɪn], König von Wessex (seit 560), ✝ 593; besiegte 568 ein Heer König Aethelberhts von Kent in der Schlacht bei Wibbandun; führte die von seinem Vater Cynric eingeleitete Expansion nach Westen weiter fort (Sieg über die Briten bei …   Universal-Lexikon

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  • Ceaulin — Ceawlin Ceawlin, également orthographié Ceaulin ou Caelin (mort v. 593) est un roi du Wessex, dans le sud ouest de l actuelle Angleterre. Il était peut être le fils de Cynric et le petit fils de Cerdic, celui qui conduisit les premiers Saxons de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wessex — West Saxon redirects here. For other meanings of Wessex or West Saxon see Wessex (disambiguation). Infobox Former Country native name = conventional long name = Kingdom of Wessex common name = Wessex continent = Europe region = British Isles… …   Wikipedia

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