Canrobert, Certain

Canrobert, Certain

▪ French politician
in full  François-Certain Canrobert 
born June 27, 1809, Saint-Céré, Fr.
died Jan. 28, 1895, Paris
 soldier and political figure who as a marshal of France (from 1856) was a supporter of Napoleon III.

      A descendant of a long line of military officers, he attended the military academy at Saint-Cyr. After assignment on the Spanish frontier he requested transfer to Algeria, where he served with distinction (1835–51). He rose quickly in rank and won fame for his victory with the Zouaves at Zaatcha (1847) and for the taking of Constantine. He received the Legion of Honour in 1849.

      Back in Paris in February 1851, Canrobert played a key role in the Bonapartist coup of Dec. 2, 1851, and Napoleon III rewarded him by making him a division general and his personal aide-de-camp. He became commander in chief of French forces in the Crimean War (September 1854). Though always courageous, he revealed an instinctive reluctance to assume responsibility. After some disagreements with the English commander, Lord Raglan, he was, by his own request, recalled to France.

      Canrobert continued to be a leading military figure in the Second Empire. He distinguished himself in the Italian campaigns (1859–60), especially at the battles of Solferino and Magenta. In the Franco-German War (1870–71) he fought bravely at Saint-Privat but was taken prisoner at Metz. He returned to France in March 1871. After service on the Superior Council of War, he was elected in 1876 to the Senate, where he served for several years and was a leading advocate of the imperial restoration.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Canrobert — (spr. Kangrobähr), François Certain C., geb. 1809 im Departement Lot in der Bretagne, trat 1826 in die Militärschule zu St. Cyr ein u. wurde Unterlieutenant im 17. Linienregiment, 1832 Lieutenant u. ging als solcher 1835 nach Algier, wo er sich… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Canrobert — (spr. kang röbǟr), François Certain, franz. Marschall, geb. 27. Juni 1809 in St. Ceré (Lot), gest. 28. Jan. 1895 in Paris, zeichnete sich seit 1835 in Algerien vielfach aus. 1850 als Brigadegeneral nach Paris berufen, ward er Adjutant des Prinz… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Canrobert — (spr. kangrobähr), François Certain de, Marschall von Frankreich, geb. 27. Juni 1809 zu St. Cérré, diente 1835 in Algier, unterstützte den Staatsstreich vom 2. Dez. 1851, leitete im Krimkriege die Belagerung von Sewastopol, befehligte im Ital.… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Canrobert —   [kãrɔ bɛːr], François Certain de, französischer Marschall (seit 1856), * Saint Céré (Département Lot) 27. 6. 1809, ✝ Paris 28. 1. 1895; kämpfte 1835 50 in Algerien, nahm am Staatsstreich Louis Napoléons (später Napoleon III.) vom 2. 12. 1851… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Canrobert — François Certain Canrobert Marschall von Frankreich François Marcellin Certain de Canrobert (* 27. Juni 1809 in Saint Céré, Lot (Département); † 28. Januar 1895 in Paris) war ein Marschall von Frankreich. Leben Canrobert wurde in der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Canrobert — François Certain de Canrobert François Certain de Canrobert Naissance 27 juillet 1809 Décès 28 janvier 1895 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Canrobert François — François Certain de Canrobert François Certain de Canrobert Naissance 27 juillet 1809 Décès 28 janvier 1895 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Canrobert, François-Certain — (1809 1895)    military figure    Born in Saint Céré, Lot, François Certain Canrobert, after graduating from saint cyr, took part in the conquest of Algeria. General and aide de camp to Louis Napoléon Bonaparte (see napoléon ш), to whom he gave… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Canrobert — /kahonn rddaw berdd /, n. François Certain /frddahonn swann serdd taonn /, 1809 95, French marshal. * * * …   Universalium

  • Canrobert — /kɒ̃rɒˈbɛə/ (say konro bair) noun François Certain /frɒ̃swa sɛəˈtæ̃/ (say fronswah sair tan), 1809–95, marshal of France …  

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