Brown, Sir Arthur Whitten

Brown, Sir Arthur Whitten

▪ British aviator
born July 23, 1886, Glasgow
died Oct. 4, 1948, Swansea, Glamorgan, Wales
 British aviator who, with Captain John W. Alcock (Alcock, Sir John William), made the first nonstop airplane crossing of the Atlantic (aviation).

      Brown was trained as an engineer and became a pilot in the Royal Air Force during World War I. As navigator to Alcock he made the record crossing of the Atlantic in a Vickers-Vimy twin-engined biplane at an average speed of approximately 118 miles (193 kilometres) per hour. Taking off from St. John's, Nfd., at 4:13 PM GMT on June 14, 1919, they landed 16 hours 12 minutes later in a bog near Clifden, County Galway, Ireland. For this feat Alcock and Brown shared the £10,000 prize offered by the London Daily Mail, and both were given knighthoods. Brown later returned to engineering and was general manager of the Metropolitan Vickers Company in Swansea.

Additional Reading
Graham Wallace, The Flight of Alcock & Brown, 14–15 June, 1919 (1955).

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Universalium. 2010.

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