Bracton, Henry de

Bracton, Henry de

▪ British jurist
Bracton also spelled  Bratton or Bretton 
born , Devon?, England
died 1268, Exeter, Devon?

      leading medieval English jurist and author of De legibus et consuetudinibus Angliae (c. 1235; “On the Laws and Customs of England”), one of the oldest systematic treatises on the common law. While depending chiefly on English judicial decisions and the methods of pleading required by English judges, Bracton enlarged the common law with principles derived from both Roman (civil) law (Roman law) and canon law. De legibus shows the influence of several European continental jurists—notably Azzone (Azzone Dei Porci) (Azo), a Bolognese glossator (legal glossator) of Roman law—and its style suggests that he was trained at Oxford, which then was the centre for the study of civil law in England. Bracton's work did not have a lasting impact on studies of the common law on the European continent, a fact indicative of the comparative unimportance of systematic scholarly exposition of the common law.

      By 1245 Bracton was an itinerant justice for King Henry III, and from about 1247 to 1257 he was a judge of the Coram Rege (“Before the Monarch”), which afterward became the Court of Queen's (or King's) Bench (Queen's Bench, Court of). Like most other English lawyers of his time, he was a priest; from 1264 he was chancellor of Exeter Cathedral. In 1884 a manuscript collection of about 2,000 English law cases, evidently by Bracton, was discovered. Called the Note-Book, it was edited by the British legal scholar Frederic Maitland (Maitland, Frederic William) and published in 1887.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bracton, Henry de — • English juridical writer, born probably in King John s reign and died about four years before the close of that of Henry III Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • BRACTON, HENRY DE —    an English justice itinerant, a writer on English law of the 13th century; author of De Legibus et Consuetudinibus Angliæ, a Treatise on the Laws and Customs of England, and the first attempt of the kind; d. 1268 …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Henry de Bracton — was appointed to the coram rege, the advisory council of Henry III of England Henry of Bracton, also Henry de Bracton, also Henrici Bracton, or Henry Bratton also Henry Bretton (ca. 1210–68) was an English jurist. He is famous now for his… …   Wikipedia

  • Henry de Bracton —     Henry de Bracton     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Henry de Bracton     Also called HENRY OF BRACTON.     A famous English juridical writer, the Blackstone of the thirteenth century, b. probably in King John s reign and died about four years… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Bracton —   [ bræktən], Henricus (Henry) de, eigentlich Henry of Bratton [ɔv brætən], englischer Geistlicher und Jurist, ✝ Exeter (?) 1268; wirkte unter König Heinrich III. als Richter und Mitglied des Königlichen Rats; ab 1264 Kanzler der Kathedrale von… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Henry III of England — Henry III Oil painting of Henry III by unknown artist, ca. 1620, later incorrectly inscribed Eduardus . King of England (more...) Reign …   Wikipedia

  • Bracton — This name is given to an immense work on common law, entitled *De Legibus et Consuetudinibus Angliae (On the Laws and Customs of England). The Bracton referred to is the judge Henry Bracton (d. 1268). However, it is now thought that Bracton was… …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • БРАКТОН Генри де — (Bracton, Henry de) (ум. 1268), английский юрист. Возможно, получил образование в школе при Эксетерском соборе, а затем поступил на службу к известному судье Вильяму Рэлею. Когда последний стал епископом Нориджским в 1239, Брактон был переведен… …   Энциклопедия Кольера

  • common law — 1. the system of law originating in England, as distinct from the civil or Roman law and the canon or ecclesiastical law. 2. the unwritten law, esp. of England, based on custom or court decision, as distinct from statute law. 3. the law… …   Universalium

  • History of English land law — Material here has been extracted from the 1911 Britannica encyclopedia. The history of English land law derives from a mixture of Roman, Norman and modern legislative sources.OutlineSuch terms as fee or homage carry us back into feudal times.… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”