(Sanskrit: “that which has to be discussed”), in Indian philosophy, a long commentary on a basic text of a system or school, (shorter commentaries are called vākyas, or vṛttis). Bhāṣyas may be primary, secondary, or even tertiary. The primary bhāṣyas are those written on the basic sutras (or texts), such as the Nyāya Sutras, the Vedānta Sutras, and the grammatical sutras of Pāṇini. Outstanding examples are Patañjali's Mahābhāṣya, on Pāṇini, and Śaṅkara's Śaṅkarabhāsya and Rāmānuja's Śrībhāṣya, both on the Vedānta Sutras.

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