Bhaktivedanta, A(bhay) C(haranaravinda)

Bhaktivedanta, A(bhay) C(haranaravinda)

▪ Indian religious leader and author
also called  Swami Prabhupāda  
born Sept. 1, 1896, Calcutta
died Nov. 14, 1977, Vrindāvan, Uttar Pradesh, India

      Indian religious leader and author who in 1965 founded the International Society for Krishna Consciousness, commonly known as the Hare Krishna movement.

      In 1920 Bhaktivedanta completed his B.A. in chemistry at the Scottish Churches' College in Calcutta; by that time, his family had arranged a marriage for him, and he later established a pharmacy business. In 1922 his guru, a spiritual leader of the Vaiṣṇava Hindu sect, urged him to preach the teachings of Krishna throughout the Western world. Thereafter Bhaktivedanta devoted much time as lecturer, writer, editor, and translator for the Vaiṣṇava and in 1933 was formally initiated as a disciple at Allahābād.

      Because his family did not share his religious interests, Bhaktivedanta turned over his business to a son and renounced all family ties in 1954 to devote his full time to religious work. He received the title of swami in 1959 and in 1965 sailed for Boston, Mass., U.S. Several months later he moved to New York City, where he established the headquarters of the Hare Krishna movement on the Lower East Side. From a storefront, he taught classes on Vedic culture, which he claimed could affect the consciousness of a world afflicted with rampant materialism. The movement became especially popular among young people, and many of the swami's books began to be studied on college and university campuses.

      Despite his failing health, Bhaktivedanta by the time of his death had written and published more than 50 books on ancient Vedic culture and had opened more than 100 centres throughout the world.

Additional Reading
Satsvarūpa Dāsa Gosvāmī, Srīla Prabhupāda-līlāmrta, 4 vol. (1980–83), is a detailed biography.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hinduism — /hin dooh iz euhm/, n. the common religion of India, based upon the religion of the original Aryan settlers as expounded and evolved in the Vedas, the Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita, etc., having an extremely diversified character with many… …   Universalium

  • Hare Krishna — /hahr ee krish neuh, har ee/ a religious sect based on Vedic scriptures, whose followers engage in joyful congregational chanting of Krishna s name: founded in the U.S. in 1966. [from chanted phrase Hare Krishna! < Hindi hare krsna O Krishna!] *… …   Universalium

  • monasticism — /meuh nas teuh siz euhm/, n. the monastic system, condition, or mode of life. [1785 95; MONASTIC + ISM] * * * Institutionalized religious movement whose members are bound by vows to an ascetic life of prayer, meditation, or good works. Members of …   Universalium

  • New Religious Movement — Introduction       the generally accepted term for what is sometimes called, often with pejorative connotations, a “cult.” The term New Religious Movement has been applied to all new faiths that have arisen worldwide over the past several… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”