Bessey, Charles E.

Bessey, Charles E.

▪ American botanist
in full  Charles Edwin Bessey  
born May 21, 1845, near Milton, Ohio, U.S.
died Feb. 25, 1915, Lincoln, Neb.
 botanist who introduced to the United States the systematic study of plant morphology and the experimental laboratory for botanical instruction on the college level. His arrangement of angiosperm (flowering plant) taxa, emphasizing the evolutionary divergence of primitive forms, is considered by many as the system most likely to form the basis of a modern, comprehensive taxonomy of the plant kingdom. Because of its emphasis on North American species, however, Bessey's taxonomy in its original form, representing 23 years of development (1893–1915), has found application only in the north-central region of the United States.

      At Iowa State Agricultural College (Iowa State University), Ames, where he taught botany (1870–84), Bessey established a European laboratory method of undergraduate instruction with rudimentary facilities that included a single compound microscope. By 1884, when he accepted the chair of botany at the University of Nebraska (Nebraska, University of) (which he held until 1915), he had so developed the experimental study of plant morphology that the recently founded university immediately became one of the nation's outstanding centres for botanical research.

      Bessey's works include Botany for High Schools and Colleges (1880), The Essentials of Botany (1884), and Essentials of College Botany (1914), all widely popular textbooks that dominated botanical instruction in the United States for more than half a century.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Bessey, Charles E(dwin) — (21 may. 1845, cerca de Milton, Ohio, EE.UU.–25 feb. 1915, Lincoln, Neb.). Botánico estadounidense. Enseñó en el Iowa State Agricultural College (1870–84) antes de incorporarse a la facultad de la Universidad de Nebraska. Para ese entonces, había …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bessey, Charles E(dwin) — born May 21, 1845, near Milton, Ohio, U.S. died Feb. 25, 1915, Lincoln, Neb. U.S. botanist. He taught at Iowa State Agricultural College (1870–84) before joining the faculty of the University of Nebraska. By then he had so developed the… …   Universalium

  • Charles Edwin Bessey — Charles Bessey redirects here. For the American soldier and Medal of Honor recipient, see Charles A. Bessey. Charles Edwin Bessey Charles Edwin Bessey …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Bessey — Charles Edwin Bessey Charles Edwin Bessey Nacimiento 1 de mayo 1845 Milton, Ohio …   Wikipedia Español

  • Charles Bessey — Charles Edwin Bessey Charles Edwin Bessey est un botaniste américain, né le 21 mai 1845 à Milton (Ohio) et mort le 25 février 1915 à Lincoln (Nebraska). Il est le père de la théorie euanthe qui considère que les plantes à fleur (Angiospermes)… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Charles A. Bessey — Born 1848 Reading, Massachusetts Died 1909 (aged 60–61) Place of burial Biloxi City Cemetery, Biloxi, Mississippi …   Wikipedia

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  • Bessey (disambiguation) — Several people are named Bessey: * Charles Edwin Bessey American botanist * Joe BesseyBessey can refer to: * Bessey, Commune of the Loire department, France * Bessey system, Bessey s taxonomic plant system …   Wikipedia

  • Charles — /chahrlz/, n. 1. (Prince of Edinburgh and of Wales) born 1948, heir apparent to the throne of Great Britain (son of Elizabeth II). 2. Ray (Ray Charles Robinson), born 1930, U.S. blues singer and pianist. 3. Cape, a cape in E Virginia, N of the… …   Universalium

  • Charles Edwin Bessey — est un botaniste américain, né le 21 mai 1845 à Milton (Ohio) et mort le 25 février 1915 à Lincoln (Nebraska). Il est le père de la théorie euanthe qui considère que les plantes à fleur (Angiospermes) sont monophylétiques. Cette théorie a prévalu …   Wikipédia en Français

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