Bertran De Born

Bertran De Born

▪ French soldier and troubadour
born c. 1140, , Viscounty of Limoges, Fr.
died 1212, –15, Abbey of Dalon

      French soldier and celebrated medieval troubadour.

      Viscount of Hautefort and lord of vast domains, Bertran twice warred with his brother Constantin for sole possession of the family heritage. Their liege lord, Richard the Lion-Heart (Richard I), Duke of Aquitaine, initially favoured Constantin, successfully besieging Bertran's fortress of Hautefort and expelling him (1183). Later, however, lord and vassal were reconciled; and Bertran, restored to his lands, abetted Richard and his brothers in their rebellions against their father, Henry II of England. After Richard became king of England (1189), Bertran accompanied him on the crusade to Palestine. After returning to France, he wrote violently militant poetry, egging on Richard in his wars with Philip II of France.

      Bertran produced some of the most serene and beautiful poetry—as well as some of the most militaristic—in Provençal literature, 45 pieces of which are extant. He is represented in Dante's (Dante) Inferno, in which he carries his severed head before him like a lantern and is compared with the biblical Achitophel, who also incited royal sons against their father (David).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Bertran de Born — (v. 1140 v. 1215) troubadour périgourdin …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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  • Bertran de Born — (ca. 1140–1215)    Bertran de Born was a TROUBADOUR poet and a minor nobleman who was born in Limoges and is associated with the continual petty wars between King HENRY II and his sons. Some 44 extant lyrics are attributed to him, though five of… …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

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