Bernstein, Henry

Bernstein, Henry

▪ French dramatist
born Jan. 20, 1876, Paris, Fr.
died Nov. 27, 1953, Paris

      French playwright, initially popular for a series of sensational melodramas, who later turned to more serious themes, experimented with new forms, and campaigned against anti-Semitism and Nazism.

      Son of a wealthy Jewish banker, Bernstein attended the University of Cambridge and later inherited a fortune from his mother. His first play, Le Marché (“The Market”), was produced in 1900 at the Théâtre-Libre in Paris. A comedy, Frère Jacques (1904; “Brother Jacques”), written with Pierre Véber, increased his reputation; it was later translated and presented in the United States. His La Rafale (1905; “The Whirlwind”), La Griffe (1906; “The Claw”), and Samson (1907), quick-moving and violent, emphasized character study. Isräel (1908; “Israel”) and Après moi (1911; “After Me”) denounced anti-Semitism in France; riots followed the premiere of Après moi and forced its closing.

      In Le Secret (1913; The Secret), he stressed unconscious motivation. The influences of Sigmund Freud, founder of psychoanalysis, and Luigi Pirandello, the innovative Italian playwright, are obvious in La Galerie des glaces (1924; “The Gallery of Mirrors”) and other plays written in the 1920s. Experimenting with the dramatic form, Bernstein copied film techniques in Mélo (1929) and those of the novel in Le Voyage (1937). In 1940 his anti-Nazi Elvire was produced; it played in Paris until the city fell to the Germans. Bernstein escaped to the United States, where he campaigned against the Nazis and the collaborationist Vichy government. After the war, he returned to Paris and continued writing plays until a year before his death.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BERNSTEIN (H.) — BERNSTEIN HENRY (1876 1953) Auteur dramatique français, fils d’un banquier israélite, Henry Bernstein connut un très vif succès dans la décennie qui précéda la Première Guerre mondiale. Découvert par Antoine, directeur du Théâtre Libre, il débute …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Henry Mancini — Background information Birth name Enrico Nicola Mancini Born April 16, 1924(1924 04 16 …   Wikipedia

  • Henry Manchini — Henry Mancini, eigentlich Enrico Nicola Mancini (* 16. April 1924 in Cleveland, Ohio; † 14. Juni 1994 in Beverly Hills, Kalifornien), war einer der bedeutendsten US amerikanischen Komponisten. Seine musikalischen Schwerpunkte lagen im Bereich… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henry Mancini Orchestra — Henry Mancini, eigentlich Enrico Nicola Mancini (* 16. April 1924 in Cleveland, Ohio; † 14. Juni 1994 in Beverly Hills, Kalifornien), war einer der bedeutendsten US amerikanischen Komponisten. Seine musikalischen Schwerpunkte lagen im Bereich… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henry Hyndman — Henry Mayers Hyndman Henry Mayers Hyndman (* 7. März 1842 in London; † 22. November 1921 in London) war ein englischer Schriftsteller und Politiker. Er war Mitbegründer der Social Democratic Federation und später der National Socialist Party …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • BERNSTEIN, HERMAN — (1876–1935), U.S. journalist, born in Neustadt Schirwirdt (Vladislavov), Lithuania; one of the first to expose the Protocols of the elders of zion forgery. Bernstein went to the United States from Russia in 1893 and wrote in Yiddish and English.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Henry Ford — 1919 Henry Ford (* 30. Juli 1863 im Wayne County, Michigan, USA; † 7. April …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henry Steele Commager — (October 25, 1902 – March 2, 1998) was an American historian who helped define Modern liberalism in the United States for two generations through his forty books and 700 essays and reviews.[1] His principal scholarly works were his 1936 biography …   Wikipedia

  • Henry Morgenthau, Jr. — Henry Morgenthau, Jr. 52nd United States Secretary of the Treasury In office January 1, 1934 – July 22, 1945 President Franklin D. Roosevelt (1934 1945) …   Wikipedia

  • Henry Mancini — Henry Mancini, eigentlich Enrico Nicola Mancini (* 16. April 1924 in Cleveland, Ohio; † 14. Juni 1994 in Beverly Hills, Kalifornien), war einer der bedeutendsten US amerikanischen Komponisten. Seine musikalischen Schwerpunkte lagen im Bereich… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”