Bécquer, Gustavo Adolfo

Bécquer, Gustavo Adolfo

▪ Spanish author
original name  Gustavo Adolfo Domínguez Bastida  
born February 17, 1836, Sevilla, Spain
died December 22, 1870, Madrid

      poet and author of the late Romantic period who is considered one of the first modern Spanish poets.

      Orphaned by age 11, Bécquer was strongly influenced by his painter brother, Valeriano. He moved to Madrid in 1854 in pursuit of a literary career, and from 1861 to 1868 he contributed to the newspaper El Contemporáneo and other periodicals. Troubled by an unhappy marriage and financial difficulties, Bécquer received acclaim only after his death from tuberculosis at age 34.

      Bécquer's major literary production consists of nearly 100 Rimas (“Rhymes”), a series of about 20 Leyendas (“Legends”) in prose, and the literary essays Cartas desde mi celda (1864; “Letters from My Cell”). Although many of his poems and prose works were published individually in El Contemporáneo, they did not appear in book form until after his death, when his friends collected his writings and published them in Obras, 2 vol. (1871; “Works”). His Rimas, probably his best-known works, are sensitive, restrained, and deeply subjective.

      Bécquer's poetry explores themes of love—particularly in connection with disillusionment and loneliness—and the mysteries of life and poetry. In sharp contrast to the rhetorical, dramatic style of the Romantic period, Bécquer's lyricism, in which assonance predominates, is simple and airy.

      Bécquer's prose pieces, Leyendas, are characterized by medieval settings, supernatural characters such as nymphs, and a mysterious, dreamlike atmosphere. Written in a lyrical, richly coloured style, the narratives are based upon the themes of love, death, and the world beyond. His spiritual autobiography, the series of letters Cartas desde mi celda, was composed at the monastery of Veruela, in northern Spain.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Bécquer, Gustavo Adolfo — orig. Gustavo Adolfo Domínguez Bastida (17 feb. 1836, Sevilla, España–22 dic. 1870, Madrid). Escritor español, último representante del romanticismo en su país. Su corta vida estuvo marcada por el infortunio. Fuera de algunas esporádicas… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bécquer, Gustavo Adolfo Domínguez — ► (1836 70) Seudónimo de Gustavo Claudio Domínguez Bastida, poeta romántico español. En 1854 se instaló en Madrid, donde publicó la Historia de los templos de España (1857). En 1861 se casó con Carla Esteban, en busca de una estabilidad que no… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer — Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer, por Valeriano Bécquer, 1862 Nacimiento 17 de febrero de 1836 Sevilla, España …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gustavo Adolfo Becquer — Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer. Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer (* 17. Februar 1836 in Sevilla, als Gustavo Adolfo Domínguez Bastida; † 22. Dezember 1870 in Madrid) ist einer der bekanntesten Autoren der spanischen Romantik. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer — Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer. Gustavo Adolfo Domínguez Bastida besser bekannt als Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer (* 17. Februar 1836 in Sevilla; † 22. Dezember 1870 in Madrid) ist einer der bekanntesten Autoren der spanischen Romantik …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer — Gustavo Adolfo Becquer Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer (1836 1870), pseudonyme de Gustavo Adolfo Domínguez de la Bastida Insauti Vargas Bécquer Bausá, est un auteur et poète espagnol. Il est né à Séville et a étudié au collège de San Antonio Abad. À dix… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gustavo Adolfo Becquer — Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer Gustavo Adolfo Becquer Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer (1836 1870), pseudonyme de Gustavo Adolfo Domínguez Bastida, est un auteur et poète espagnol. Il est né à Séville et a étudié premièrement au collège de San Antonio Abad. À dix… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer — Gustavo Adolfo Domínguez Bastida, better known as Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer, (Seville February 17, 1836 ndash; Madrid December 22, 1870) was a Spanish post romanticist writer of poetry and short stories, now considered one of the most important… …   Wikipedia

  • Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer — Gustavo Adolfo Domínguez Bastida, más conocido como Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer, (Sevilla, 17 de febrero 1836 Madrid, 22 de diciembre 1870), poeta y narrador español, perteneciente al Romanticismo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer — Belleza El espectáculo de lo bello, en cualquier forma que se presente, levanta la mente a nobles aspiraciones. Soledad La soledad es el imperio de la conciencia. La soledad es muy hermosa... cuando se tiene junto a alguien a quien decírselo.… …   Diccionario de citas

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