Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
- Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
▪ American railway
first steam-operated railway in the United States to be chartered as a common carrier of freight and passengers (1827). The B&O Railroad Company was established by Baltimore (Md
.) merchants to compete with New York merchants and their newly opened Erie Canal for the trade to the west. A driving force in its early years was the Baltimore banker George Brown, who served as treasurer from 1827 until 1834 and had Ross Winans build the first real railroad car.
The first stone for the line was laid on July 4, 1828, by Charles Carroll, the American Revolutionary leader and last surviving signer of the Declaration of Independence. The first 13 miles (21 km) of line, from Baltimore to Ellicott's Mills, Md. (now Ellicott City), opened in 1830. Peter Cooper's steam locomotive, the Tom Thumb,
ran over this line and demonstrated to doubters that steam traction was feasible on the steep, winding grades.
The railroad was extended to Wheeling, Va. (now in West Virginia), a distance of 379 miles (610 km), in
1852. In the 1860s and '70s, the railroad reached Chicago, Ill., and St. Louis, Mo. In 1896 it went bankrupt. After it was reorganized in 1899, it grew further, reaching Cleveland, Ohio, and Lake Erie in 1901. In 1963 the B&O was acquired by the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway Company
and in 1980 became part of the newly formed CSX Corporation
The B&O's long-distance passenger trains were discontinued in 1971 when the National Railroad Passenger Corporation (Amtrak
) took over intercity passenger service, although it continued limited commuter service at Washington, D.C., and Pittsburgh, Pa. About one-quarter of the B&O's freight revenues come from its traditional haulage of bituminous coal from mines in the Allegheny Mountains. Other important freight includes motor vehicles and parts, as well as chemicals.
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Baltimore and Ohio Railroad — Infobox SG rail railroad name=Baltimore and Ohio Railroad logo filename=Baltimore and Ohio Herald.png logo size=100 system map size =260 map caption =1876 B O map old gauge= marks=BO locale=New York City, New York via Philadelphia, Pennsylvania,… … Wikipedia
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad — Die Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (BO, B O) war eine US amerikanische Eisenbahngesellschaft. Sie war die erste für den öffentlichen Verkehr vorgesehene Eisenbahn in den USA. Sie bestand als Unternehmen vom 24. April 1827 bis zum 30. April 1987. Die … Deutsch Wikipedia
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad — Réseau de la B O en 1891. La Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B O) est un ancien chemin de fer américain de classe I qui exista de 1827 à 1986. Sa première ligne reliait le port de Baltimore (Maryland, États Unis) à la rivière Ohio au près de… … Wikipédia en Français
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad — Карта железной дороги Балтимор и Огайо Железная дорога «Балтимор и Огайо» (англ. The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B O)) старейшая железная дорога в … Википедия
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) — First steam operated railway in the U.S. to be chartered as a common carrier of freight and passengers (1827). The B&O was established by Baltimore merchants to foster trade with the West. By 1852 the railroad extended to Wheeling, Va. (now W.V.) … Universalium
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Depot — Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Depot, Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Passenger Station oder Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Terminal bezeichnet: Barnesville Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Depot Flora Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Depot Huntington Baltimore and… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Passenger Station (Philadelphia) — Ansicht von Nordosten (1959) Daten Betriebsart … Deutsch Wikipedia
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Museum — Mount Clare Station Das Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Museum, kurz B O Railroad Museum wurde am 4. Juli 1953 als Baltimore Ohio Transportation Museum eröffnet. Das in Baltimore, Maryland gelegene Verkehrsmuseum ist von seiner umfangreichen Sammlung … Deutsch Wikipedia
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Martinsburg Shops — Infobox nrhp | name =Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Martinsburg Shops nrhp type =nhl caption = B O Martinsburg West Roundhouse location= 300 East Martin Street, Martinsburg, West Virginia locmapin = West Virginia area = built =1866 architect= Albert … Wikipedia
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad locomotives — On the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, locomotives were always considered of great importance, and the railroad was involved in many experiments and innovations.HistoryEarly locomotivesThe name Tom Thumb is forever associated with the B O, as the… … Wikipedia