balletto

balletto

music
      in music, genre of light vocal composition of the late 16th–early 17th centuries, originating in Italy. Dancelike and having much in common with the madrigal, a major vocal form of the period, it is typically strophic (stanzaic) with each of the two repeated parts ending in a “fa-la-la” burden, or refrain. It has a clear alternation of strong and weak beats, a quality common to the lighter forms of the time, such as the canzonetta, villota, villanesca, and villanella. The term was first applied to musical compositions by the Italian Giovanni Gastoldi in 1591 in his Balletti a cinque voci . . . per cantare, sonare, et ballare (Balletti in Five Voices . . . to Sing, Play, and Dance).

      Although greatly influenced by the Italian model, the English composer Thomas Morley (Morley, Thomas) expanded its contrapuntal and harmonic dimensions in his First Booke of Balletts (1595). Morley's style influenced not only the English composers but also the German Hans Leo Hassler (Hassler, Hans Leo) and his younger contemporaries who transformed the balletto in the early 17th century into a more instrumental and homophonic (chordal) style. The suites of the German Johann Hermann Schein as well as later 17th-century Italian instrumental works often contain such balletti. Both the Italian Girolamo Frescobaldi and, in the 18th century, J.S. Bach wrote instrumental movements entitled balletto. The name was also given to a form of dramatic choreography popular in 15th-century Italy.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • balletto — /ba l:et:o/ s.m. [dim. di ballo ]. 1. (mus., teatr.) a. [azione scenica espressa per mezzo della danza e della mimica, accompagnata da musica, secondo uno schema preordinato di movimenti e di figurazioni: il b. classico ] ▶◀ ballo, danza.… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • balletto — (izg. balȅto) m DEFINICIJA glazb. pov. oko 1600. 1. vokalna kompozicija plesnog karaktera 2. komorna sonata ili suita ETIMOLOGIJA tal …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • balletto — bal·lét·to s.m. 1. AD spettacolo di danza accompagnato da musica; numero di danza | TS mus. composizione musicale scritta per tale forma di spettacolo 2. CO corpo di ballo, compagnia di ballerini: il balletto di Mosca 3. CO fig., il susseguirsi… …   Dizionario italiano

  • Balletto — Ballẹtto   [italienisch] das, s/ s oder ...ti, Bạllo, seit dem 15. Jahrhundert übliche Bezeichnung für Tanz, Ballett, Folge von Tänzen, speziell seit dem Ende des 16. bis Anfang des 17. Jahrhunderts für ein mehrstimmiges (homophones)… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Balletto — Bal|let|to das; Gen. od. s, Plur. ...ti <aus gleichbed. it. balletto, vgl. ↑Ballett>: 1. mehrstimmiges [ital.] Tanzlied des 16. Jh.s. 2. [von einer ↑Intrada eingeleitete] Folge von Tänzen innerhalb einer Oper od. Pantomime im 17. Jh. 3.… …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • Balletto —         (баллйтто, итал., от позднелат. ballo танцую).         1) Итал. назв. балета.         2) Небольшое вок. сочинение аккордово полифонич. склада и танц. характера, близкое к мадригалу. Жанр В. пользовался популярностью в сер. 16 нач. 17 вв.… …   Музыкальная энциклопедия

  • balletto — {{hw}}{{balletto}}{{/hw}}s. m. 1  Dimin. di ballo . 2 Componimento musicale a ritmo di danza | Azione pantomimica con musica e danza. 3 Compagnia di ballerini professionisti …   Enciclopedia di italiano

  • balletto — pl.m. balletti …   Dizionario dei sinonimi e contrari

  • balletto — ит. [бале/тто] 1) балет 2) маленький танец 3) танц. пьесы в быстром движении типа аллеманды 17 в. 4) камерные сюиты, сост. из танцев 17 18 в …   Словарь иностранных музыкальных терминов

  • balletto — s. m. 1. dim. di ballo 2. musica per danza □ danza, pantomima 3. compagnia di ballerini, corpo di ballo 4. (fig.; di notizie, fatti, ecc.) alternanza, ridda …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

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