Balfour, Francis Maitland
- Balfour, Francis Maitland
▪ British zoologist
born Nov. 10, 1851, Edinburgh
died July 19, 1882, near Martigny-Ville, Switz.
British zoologist, younger brother of the statesman Arthur James Balfour, and a founder of modern embryology
His interest in the subject was aroused by the lectures of the British physiologist Michael Foster, and, after graduation from Cambridge in 1873, Balfour obtained one of the university's chairs at the Stazione Zoologica in Naples, an international centre for marine biological research. During the next five years, he made many original observations about the embryonic development of vertebrate urogenital organs (e.g., kidneys, sex organs) and the origin of spinal nerves. These discoveries, along with his descriptions of the initial changes in the ovum after fertilization and of the early stages of the embryo, provided crucial information on the evolution of invertebrates to vertebrates.
He returned to Cambridge in 1876 to lecture on animal morphology and there published A Treatise on Comparative Embryology (1880–81), which laid the foundations of modern embryology. Such was his fame that he was invited to succeed the eminent biologists George Rolleston at Oxford and Sir Charles Wyville Thomson at Edinburgh, but he refused both offers to remain at Cambridge, where in 1882 a special professorship in animal morphology was created for him. Before he could assume his new position, however, he died in a fall while attempting to scale the unconquered Aiguille Blanche of Mont Blanc.
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Balfour , Francis Maitland — (1851–1882) British zoologist The younger brother of the British statesman Earl Balfour, Francis Balfour s career was cut short when, while convalescing from typhoid fever in Switzerland, he died attempting an ascent of the Aiguille Blanche, Mont … Scientists
BALFOUR, FRANCIS MAITLAND — brother of the preceding; a promising biologist; career was cut short by death in attempting to ascend the Wetterhorn (1851 1882) … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Francis Maitland Balfour — (* 10. November 1851 in Edinburgh, Schottland; † 19. Juli 1882 am Mont Blanc nahe Martigny, Schweiz (Bergunfall)) war ein schottischer Zoologe. Er war der jüngere Bruder des britischen Politik … Deutsch Wikipedia
Francis Maitland Balfour — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Francis Maitland Balfour Francis M. Balfour … Wikipedia Español
Francis Maitland Balfour — Infobox Scientist name = PAGENAME box width = image size =150px caption = PAGENAME birth date = November 10, 1851 birth place = Edinburgh death date = July 19, 1882 death place = Chamonix residence = |citizenship = nationality = British ethnicity … Wikipedia
BALFOUR (F. M.) — BALFOUR FRANCIS MAITLAND (1851 1882) Embryologiste anglais qui, après des études au Trinity College de Cambridge, entre en 1872 dans le laboratoire du physiologiste Foster, puis va travailler sur l’embryologie des élasmobranches à la Stazione… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Balfour — is a Scottish family name as well as a place name.People* Arthur Balfour (1848 1930), Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1902 to 1905, 1st Earl of Balfour and author of the Balfour Declaration. * Gerald Balfour, 2nd Earl of Balfour (1853… … Wikipedia
Balfour — ist der Name folgender Personen: Arthur Balfour, 1. Earl of Balfour (1848–1930), britischer Politiker und Premierminister Betty Balfour (1903–1977), britische Schauspielerin Eric Balfour (* 1977), US amerikanischer Schauspieler Eve Balfour… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Balfour — (spr. bällsör oder bälsūr), 1) John Hunton, Botaniker, geb. 1. Sept. 1808 in Edinburg, gest. daselbst 11. Febr. 1884, war 1841–45 Professor in Glasgow, dann Professor und Direktor des botanischen Gartens in Edinburg und zugleich Sekretär der… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Francis Stewart, 1st Earl of Bothwell — Francis Stewart, Earl Bothwell (b. c December 1562 d. April 1612, Naples), was Commendator of Kelso Abbey and Coldingham Priory, a Privy Counsellor and Lord High Admiral of Scotland. Like his stepfather, Archibald Douglas, Parson of Douglas, he… … Wikipedia