Austin, Stephen

Austin, Stephen

▪ American pioneer
in full  Stephen Fuller Austin  
born Nov. 3, 1793, Austinville, Va., U.S.
died Dec. 27, 1836, Austin, Texas
 founder in the 1820s of the principal settlements of English-speaking people in Texas, when that territory was still part of Mexico.

      Raised on the Missouri frontier, Austin was educated at Transylvania University in Lexington, Ky., and served in the Missouri territorial legislature (1814–19). The economic panic of 1819 led his father, Moses Austin (1767–1821), to leave his lead-mining business in Missouri and embark upon a scheme of colonization in Texas. Moses obtained a grant of land from the Mexican government but died soon thereafter, and in 1821 Stephen went to Texas to carry out his father's project. He founded a colony (1822) of several hundred families on the Brazos River, and for some years thereafter, as the migration of U.S. citizens to Texas increased, he was a major figure in the struggle between Mexico and the United States for possession of the territory.

      A skillful diplomat, Austin served the interests of Anglo-American slaveholders by defeating an effort to ban slavery in Texas. He tried to induce the Mexican government to make Texas a separate state in the confederation so that the American settlers might have the liberty and self-government that they considered indispensable to further their interests independently of the wishes of the country's Hispanic and Catholic rulers. When this attempt failed, he recommended in 1833 the organization of a state without waiting for the consent of the Mexican congress, and he was thrown in prison. He was released in 1835, and, when the Texas revolution broke out in October of that year, he went to the United States to secure help. Returning in June 1836, he was defeated by Sam Houston for the presidency of the new Republic of Texas and served briefly as secretary of state until his death.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Austin,Stephen Fuller — Austin, Stephen Fuller. 1793 1836. American colonizer and political leader who worked to make Texas a state of Mexico but later helped Texas settlers gain their independence (1836). * * * …   Universalium

  • Austin, Stephen (Fuller) — born Nov. 3, 1793, Austinville, Va., U.S. died Dec. 27, 1836, Austin, Texas U.S. founder of the first legal colony of English speaking people in Texas when it was still part of Mexico. He was raised in the Missouri Territory and served in its… …   Universalium

  • Austin, Stephen (Fuller) — (3 nov. 1793, Austinville, Va., EE.UU.–27 dic. 1836, Austin, Texas). Fundador estadounidense de la primera colonia legal anglo hablante de Texas, cuando todavía formaba parte de México. Se crió en el territorio de Missouri y se desempeñó en su… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Austin, Stephen — ► (1793 1836) Político estadounidense. Hizo posible que Texas fuese un estado independiente (1835) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Stephen F. Austin — Stephen Fuller Austin Stephen Fuller Austin (* 3. November 1793 im Wythe County, Virginia; † 27. Dezember 1836 in Columbia, heute West Columbia, Texas) war der Gründer der Republik Texas. Leben und Wirken Stephen Austin wuchs in Missouri auf.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Austin — es la capital de Texas, un estado de los Estados Unidos. Los fundadores establecieron el pueblo de Waterloo en 1835 en la ubicación actual de Austin. En 1838, Mirabeau B. Lamar cambió el nombre de la ciudad en honor de Stephen F. Austin, el Padre …   Enciclopedia Universal

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