Ausonius, Decimus Magnus

Ausonius, Decimus Magnus

▪ Latin poet and rhetorician
born c. 310, , Burdigala, Gaul [now Bordeaux, France]
died c. 395, , Burdigala

      Latin poet and rhetorician interesting chiefly for his preoccupation with the provincial scene of his native Gaul.

      Ausonius taught in the famous schools of Burdigala (now Bordeaux, Fr.), first as a grammarian and then as a rhetorician, so successfully that Valentinian I called him to Trier to tutor Gratian, who, on his accession, elevated Ausonius to the prefecture of Africa, Italy, and Gaul and to the consulship in 379. After Gratian's murder, in 383, Ausonius returned to his estates on the Garonne River to cultivate literature and pursue his many friendships with eminent persons through a lively exchange of letters, often poetic epistles. Although he was a Christian, he wrote mainly in the pagan tradition, but, by the sheer volume of his preserved work, he was one of the forerunners of Christian Latin literature and of the literature of his own country. His last years were saddened by the action of his favourite and most outstanding pupil, Paulinus of Nola (Paulinus Of Nola, Saint) (later bishop and saint), in deserting literature for a life of Christian retirement. Ausonius' pleading, pained letters to Paulinus continued until his death.

      An incorrigible trifler and a victim of what he called “the poetic itch,” Ausonius left few works of any consequence. A characteristic piece of trifling is the Technopaegnion (“A Game of Art”), a set of poems in which each line ends in a monosyllable. His longest poem, on the Mosella (Moselle) River, has flashes of an almost Wordsworthian response to nature, with descriptions of the changing scenery as the river moves through the country. Ausonius produced the useful autobiographical Praefatiunculae (“Prefaces”); Eclogae, mnemonic verses on astronomy and astrology; Ordo nobilium urbium (“Order of Noble Cities”); Ludus septem sapientum (“Play of the Seven Sages”), a forerunner of the morality play; and many epigrams, including adaptations from the Greek Anthology. His sentimental fondness for old ties is seen in Parentalia, a series of poems on deceased relatives, and Professores Burdigalenses, on the professors of Burdigala; these are delightful portraits that give a valuable picture of provincial Gallic life.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ausonius, Decimus Magnus — • Professor and poet (310 394) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • AUSONIUS, DECIMUS MAGNUS —    a Roman poet, a native of Gaul, born in Bordeaux; tutor to the Emperor Gratian, who, on coming to the throne, made him prefect of Latium and of Gaul, and consul of Rome. He was a good versifier and stylist, but no poet (300 394) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Decimus Magnus Ausonius —     Decimus Magnus Ausonius     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Decimus Magnus Ausonius     A professor and poet born about A. D. 310; died, probably, about A.D. 394. The son of a physician of Bordeaux, he studied first in that city, then at Toulouse,… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • AUSONIUS seu DECIMUS MAGNUS AUSONIUS — AUSONIUS, seu DECIMUS MAGNUS AUSONIUS Gallus Burdigalensis, patre natus Ausoniô Medicô, Rhetor, Poeta et Gratiani Imperatoris Praeceptor fuit, a quo, cum ipsi simul et patri Quaestor fuislet, ad Praefecturam duplicem et Consulatum evectus est, A …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Decimus Magnus Ausonius — Decimius Magnus Ausonius (* um 310 in Burdigala (Bordeaux), † nach 393 ebd.) war ein spätantiker hoher gallo römischer Staatsbeamter, Prinzenerzieher und Dichter. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 3 Ausonius und der Weinbau 4 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ausonĭus — Ausonĭus, Decimus Magnus, der namhafteste röm. Dichter des 4. Jahrh. n. Chr., geb. um 310 zu Burdigala (Bordeaux), Christ, stand als Lehrer der Beredsamkeit und Grammatik in seiner Vaterstadt in solchem Ruf, daß ihn Kaiser Valentinian zum… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ausonius — Ausonĭus, Decimus Magnus, röm. Dichter, geb. zu Burdigala (Bordeaux) um 310, 378 Präfekt von Gallien, 379 Konsul, gest. um 395. Von seinen Gedichten sind unter anderm 20 sog. Idyllen übrig, unter denen »Mosella« (Verherrlichung des Moseltals) die …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ausonius — Ausonius,   Decimus Magnus, lateinischer Dichter, * Burdigala (heute Bordeaux) um 310, ✝ ebenda um 395; Lehrer der Rhetorik, Prinzenerzieher, Hofdichter und Gelehrter. Er war Christ, doch war ihm die heidnische Götterwelt vertrauter. Neben Hof… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Decimus — was a Roman praenomen. It means tenth , and was originally used as a name for tenth sons, but it was later used as a generic name. Among those named Decimus were: Decimus Clodius Albinus, would be emperor of the 2nd century AD Decimus Junius… …   Wikipedia

  • Ausonius — /ɔˈsoʊniəs/ (say aw sohneeuhs) noun Decimus Magnus, c. AD 310–395, Roman poet …  

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”