Arthur, Sir George, 1st Baronet
- Arthur, Sir George, 1st Baronet
▪ British official
born June 21, 1784, Plymouth, Devon, Eng.
died Sept. 19, 1854, London
colonial administrator who was governor of Van Diemen's Land (now Tasmania
) from 1825 to 1836. His efforts to expand the island's economy were remarkably successful.
After army duty in the Napoleonic Wars in Europe and Egypt (1804–14), Arthur served as lieutenant governor of British Honduras (1814–22). He was named lieutenant governor of Van Diemen's Land in 1823 and became governor two years later, when the colony was separated from New South Wales. That year (1825) he also helped the Van Diemen's Land Company to develop the northwest area of the island. He campaigned effectively against the bushrangers, rural outlaws who had robbed the settlers and fought the Aborigines. His attempt to restrict the Aboriginal population to the southeastern peninsula behind the so-called Black Line of armed settlers was a complete failure (see Black War
). By 1835 the remaining Aborigines were persuaded to settle northeast of Tasmania on Flinders Island, where they soon died out.
Arthur established a penal settlement at Port Arthur (1832) and a model prison for boys at Point Puer (1835). He also helped to develop the colony's religious life and education. He antagonized the Tasmanian and Sydney press, however, by his autocratic administration and by his attempts at censorship.
In 1837 Arthur was appointed lieutenant governor of Upper Canada (now Ontario), arriving just after a rebellion against British rule had been suppressed. He was rewarded with a baronetcy for his help in uniting Upper Canada and Lower Canada (now Quebec) in 1841 and in 1842 was named governor of Bombay. He retired to England in 1846.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Sir Thomas Hardy, 1st Baronet — Sir Thomas Masterman Hardy, Bart Vice Admiral Sir Thomas Hardy Born … Wikipedia
Sir Nugent Everard, 1st Baronet — Sir Nugent Talbot Everard, 1st Baronet (24 October 1849 – 12 July 1929) was an Irish senator elected to the 1922 Seanad Éireann. Everard was nominated by the President of the Executive Council and sat as an independent member. In 1902 he was one… … Wikipedia
Sir Charles Clifford, 1st Baronet — Sir Charles Clifford in ca 1860 Sir Charles Clifford, 1st Baronet (1 January 1813 – 27 February 1893) was a New Zealand politician. He was the first Speaker of the New Zealand House of Representatives, serving from 1854 to 1860. Contents … Wikipedia
Sir David Baird, 1st Baronet — Sir David Baird, Bt Portrait by John Watson Gordon, c. 1825 … Wikipedia
Sir George Collier, 1st Baronet — George Ralph Collier, 1st Baronet Born 1774 London, England … Wikipedia
Sir Arthur Gore, 1st Baronet — (c. 1640 ndash; 20 December 1697) was an Irish politician. The son of Sir Paul Gore, 1st Baronet, he was High Sheriff of Mayo and High Sheriff of Galway in 1656. Gore served in a Company of Foot reaching the rank of Major in 1660. In the same… … Wikipedia
Sir Arthur Forbes, 1st Baronet — of Castle Forbes, County Longford, Ireland, (c. 1590 1632) took part in the Scottish Plantation of Ireland, and died in a duel at Hamburg, Germany. His son was created Earl of Granard.FamilySir Arthur Forbes, Knt., was a son of William Forbes of… … Wikipedia
Sir William Talmash, 1st Baronet — Sir William Manners Talmash, 1st Baronet (19 May 1766 ndash; 11 March 1833), British nobleman and Tory politician, was the eldest son of John Manners and Louisa Tollemache, 7th Countess of Dysart. Born William Manners, he adopted the surname of… … Wikipedia
Sir Richard Onslow, 1st Baronet — GCB (23 June 1741 – 27 December 1817) was an English naval officer who played a distinguished role at the Battle of Camperdown.He was the younger son of Lt Gen. Richard Onslow and his wife Pooley, daughter of Charles Walton. Onslow s uncle was… … Wikipedia
Sir Henry Mulholland, 1st Baronet — Sir Henry George Hill Mulholland, 1st Baronet PC (20 December 1888 – 5 March 1971), was a Northern Ireland politician.Mulholland was the third son of Henry Lyle Mulholland, 2nd Baron Dunleath, and Norah Louisa Fanny Ward. He was a member of the… … Wikipedia