Allport, Gordon W.

Allport, Gordon W.

▪ American psychologist
in full  Gordon Willard Allport 
born November 11, 1897, Montezuma, Indiana, U.S.
died October 9, 1967, Cambridge, Massachusetts

      American psychologist and educator who developed an original theory of personality.

      Appointed a social science instructor at Harvard University in 1924, he became professor of psychology six years later and, in the last year of his life, professor of social ethics. He consistently related his approach to the study of personality to his social interests and was one of a growing number of psychologists who sought to introduce the leavening influence of humanism into psychology. His important introductory work on the theory of personality was Personality: A Psychological Interpretation (1937).

      Allport is best known for the concept that, although adult motives develop from infantile drives, they become independent of them. Allport called this concept functional autonomy. His approach favoured emphasis on the problems of the adult personality rather than on those of infantile emotions and experiences. In Becoming (1955) he stressed the importance of self and the uniqueness of adult personality. The self, he contended, is an identifiable organization within each individual and accounts for the unity of personality, higher motives, and continuity of personal memories. He also made important contributions to the analysis of prejudice in The Nature of Prejudice (1954). His last important work was Pattern and Growth in Personality (1961).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Allport, Gordon W. — (1897 1967) A leading American social psychologist who became head of the Harvard Department of Psychology in 1938. His most significant contributions include a theory of personality , which highlighted the self and the proprium, the latter… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Allport, Gordon W(illard) — (11 nov. 1897, Montezuma, Ind., EE.UU.–9 oct. 1967, Cambridge, Mass.). Psicólogo estadounidense. Fue profesor de la Universidad de Harvard (1930–67), llegando a ser reconocido por su teoría de la personalidad, centrada en el yo adulto, en vez de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Allport, Gordon W(illard) — born Nov. 11, 1897, Montezuma, Ind., U.S. died Oct. 9, 1967, Cambridge, Mass. U.S. psychologist. He taught at Harvard University (1930–67), becoming noted for his theory of personality, which focused on the adult self rather than on childhood or… …   Universalium

  • Олпорт Гордон Виллард / Allport, Gordon Willard — (1897 1967). С точки зрения Гордона Олпорта, личность является одним из важнейших объектов изучения психологии. Его подход был эклектичным, основанным на использовании всех возможных источников информации о личности …   Психологическая энциклопедия

  • Allport — Allport, Gordon W …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Gordon Allport — Born November 11, 1897 Montezuma, Indiana …   Wikipedia

  • Gordon Allport — Gordon Allport. Gordon Willard Allport (* 11. November 1897 in Montezuma, Indiana, USA; † 9. Oktober 1967 in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA) war ein US amerikanischer Psychologe und Begründer der Allport Skala. Allport war von 1933 bis 1966… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gordon Allport — Gordon Willard Allport Gordon Willard Allport est un psychologue américain né à Montezuma dans l État de l Indiana en 1897 et mort en 1967. Psychologue américain, il étudie principalement les problèmes de la personnalité. Imprégné de behaviorisme …   Wikipédia en Français

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