Albinus, Decimus Clodius Septimius

Albinus, Decimus Clodius Septimius

▪ Roman general
born , Hadrumetum [modern Sūsah, Tunisia]
died February 19, AD 197, Lugdunum [modern Lyons, France]
 Roman general, a candidate for the imperial title in the years 193–197. He represented the aristocracy of the Latin-speaking West, in contrast to Pescennius Niger (Niger, Pescennius), candidate of the Greek-speaking East, and to Lucius Septimius Severus (Severus, Septimius), candidate of the army and of the Balkan region.

      Born in Roman Africa, Albinus became a senator in the last years of the reign of the emperor Marcus Aurelius. Soon after 180 Albinus distinguished himself in a campaign somewhere north of Dacia (now in Romania). He was consul in the late 180s and commanded armies on the Rhine and (about 191) in Britain.

      Early in 193, after the murder of Marcus Aurelius's son, Commodus, and his successor Pertinax (Pertinax, Publius Helvius), the guards in Rome proclaimed Marcus Didius Julianus (Didius Severus Julianus, Marcus) emperor; evidence suggests that Albinus may have encouraged Didius. The armies of the Danube and of Syria, however, proclaimed imperial power for their respective commanders, Severus and Niger. Didius was murdered, and Severus, entering Rome as emperor, concluded an agreement that acknowledged Albinus as caesar and heir. After Severus defeated Niger and was victorious in the First Parthian War, he proclaimed his eldest son caesar and heir (AD 195). A rupture between the two remaining rivals was inevitable. In 197 Albinus, now proclaimed emperor by his troops, entered Gaul and advanced toward Rome with the army of Britain. Severus marched through southern Germany and defeated and killed Albinus in a two-day battle that took place outside Lugdunum (modern Lyons, France).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Clodius Albinus — Usurper of the Roman Empire Full name Decimus Clodius Septimius Albinus Born …   Wikipedia

  • Clodius Albinus — Usurpateur romain fig. 1 : monnaie de Clodius Albinus datée de 194. Règne César rom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Albīnus — Albīnus, Decimus Clodius, aus edlem Geschlecht, wurde von Commodus zum Statthalter Britanniens ernannt, von Septimius Severus als Cäsar anerkannt, dann aber nach Niederwerfung des Pescennius Niger von ihm 197 bei Tournus in der Nähe von Lyon… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Clodius Albinus — Aureus des Clodius Albinus als Caesar Decimus Clodius Septimius Albinus oder kurz Clodius Albinus (* vermutlich um 150; † 19. Februar 197 bei Lugdunum, dem heutigen Lyon) war römischer Gegenkaiser gegen Septimius Severus von Ende 195 bis zu… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Clodius — For other uses, see Clodius (disambiguation). Clodius is an alternate form of the Roman nomen Claudius, a patrician gens that was traditionally regarded as Sabine in origin. The alternation of o and au is characteristic of the Sabine dialect. The …   Wikipedia

  • Albinus — Albus (posteriormente Albinus) fue el apellido (cognomen) de la principal familia de la Gens Postumia. Originalmente el apellido fue Albus, pero más tarde se transformó en Albinus. La Gens Postumia fue una de las más antiguas Gens patricias de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Albinus — (griechisch Albinos) ist der Name oder Familienname folgender Personen: Adrian Albinus (1513–1590), deutscher Rechtswissenschaftler Albinus (Flaccus), der latinisierte Name des Gelehrten Alkuin (735–804) Albinos (Philosoph), ein Mittelplatoniker… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Severus, Septimius — in full Lucius Septimius Severus Pertinax born AD 145, Leptis Magna, Tripolitania died Feb. 4, 211, Eboracum, Britain Roman emperor (193–211). He was in Europe in command of Rome s largest army when the emperor Publius Helvius Pertinax was… …   Universalium

  • ancient Rome — ▪ ancient state, Europe, Africa, and Asia Introduction       the state centred on the city of Rome. This article discusses the period from the founding of the city and the regal period, which began in 753 BC, through the events leading to the… …   Universalium

  • Liste der römischen Kaiser der Antike — Augustus gilt als erster römischer Kaiser. Die Liste der römischen Kaiser der Antike enthält alle Kaiser des Römischen Reiches von Augustus, der im 1. Jahrhundert v. Chr. den Prinzipat begründete, bis Herakleios, dessen Herrschaftszeit 610–641… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”