▪ Christian heresy
      either of two Christian heresies: one developed in the 2nd and 3rd centuries and is also known as Dynamic Monarchianism (see Monarchianism); the other began in the 8th century in Spain and was concerned with the teaching of Elipandus, archbishop of Toledo. Wishing to distinguish in Christ the operations of each of his natures, human and divine, Elipandus referred to Christ in his humanity as “adopted son” in contradistinction to Christ in his divinity, who is the Son of God by nature. The son of Mary, assumed by the Word, thus was not the Son of God by nature but only by adoption.

      Opposition to this view of Christ was expressed, which led Pope Adrian I to intervene and condemn the teaching. Elipandus gained the support of Felix, bishop of Urgel, who eventually engaged in a literary duel with Alcuin of York over the doctrine.

      In 798 Pope Leo III (Leo III, Saint) held a council in Rome that condemned the “Adoptionism” of Felix and anathematized him. Felix was forced to recant in 799 and was placed under surveillance. Elipandus remained unrepentant, however, and continued as archbishop of Toledo, but the Adoptionist view was almost universally abandoned after his death. It was temporarily revived in the 12th century in the teachings of Peter Abelard and his followers.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Adoptionism — • The theory that the man Jesus at some point in time became the Son of God only by adoption. Strictly speaking, refers to an eighth century Spanish heresy, but the term is also used to cover similar beliefs Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight.… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Adoptionism — Francesco Albani s The Baptism of Christ, when Jesus became one with God according to Adoptionism Adoptionism, sometimes called dynamic monarchianism, is a minority Christian belief that Jesus was adopted as God s son (Son of God) at his baptism …   Wikipedia

  • adoptionism/adoptianism —  ♦ (ENG adoptionism/adoptianism)  (от лат. adoptare принимать)    взгляд на Иисуса Христа как на человека, к рый был принят или избран Богом, возвысившим его до уровня Сына Божьего или одной из ипостасей Божественной Троицы …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • adoptionism — or adoptianism noun Usage: often capitalized Date: 1874 the doctrine that Jesus of Nazareth became the Son of God by adoption • adoptionist noun, often capitalized …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • adoptionism — noun A form of Christian essentially maintaining that Jesus is divine only in the sense that God the Father adopted him, either at Jesus birth, or at his death, as opposed to the orthodox understanding of the nature of the Trinity …   Wiktionary

  • adoptionism — A theory about the Person of Christ associated with the heretic Nestorius (d. 451 CE) that Jesus was a man gifted with divine powers. It was a view held by the Ebionites and it has sometimes been suggested that the quotation of Ps. 2:7 and… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • ADOPTIONISM —    a CHRISTIAN HERESY which argued that the man JESUS became God by divine adoption when at the BAPTISM of JESUS, GOD declared Thou art my beloved Son, Mark 1:11. Although the view originated in the EARLY CHURCH, it took on particular importance… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • adoptionism — belief that Christ was the adopted and not natural son of God Ecclesiastical Terms Philosophical Isms …   Phrontistery dictionary

  • Adoptionism —    The heretical belief that Jesus Christ is the adopted rather than the begotten Son of God …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Adoptionism —    See Alcuin of York of York …   Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe

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