- Ackroyd, Peter
▪ British author, biographer, critic and scholarborn Oct. 5, 1949, London, Eng.British novelist, critic, biographer, and scholar whose technically innovative novels present an unconventional view of history.Ackroyd graduated from the University of Cambridge (M.A., 1971) and then attended Yale University for two years. In 1973 he returned to England and worked as an editor for The Spectator. In 1986 he became the principal book reviewer for the Times (Times, The) of London.Ackroyd published several books, including two collections of absurdist poetry, a study of transvestism, and a biography, Ezra Pound and His World (1980; revised as Ezra Pound, 1987), before turning to fiction. His first novel, The Great Fire of London (1982), was followed by The Last Testament of Oscar Wilde (1983), Hawksmoor (1985; winner of the Prix Goncourt and the Whitbread Book of the Year Award), Chatterton (1987), First Light (1989), English Music (1992), The House of Doctor Dee (1993), and The Trial of Elizabeth Cree: A Novel of the Limehouse Murders (1995). Ackroyd's later biographies include T.S. Eliot: A Life (1984), Dickens (1990), Blake (1995), and The Life of Thomas More (1998).In his book Notes for a New Culture: An Essay on Modernism (1976), Ackroyd attacked contemporary English literature and the literary establishment and dismissed conventional realistic fiction as no longer useful. His own novels reflect this position, integrating historical and modern settings to deliberately disrupt the conventions of historical fiction.
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