Rose, Sir Michael

Rose, Sir Michael
▪ 1995

      In January 1994 Lieut. Gen. Sir Michael Rose assumed one of the toughest and most delicate military commands in the world: leading the UN forces in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Within weeks he had won praise from around the world for his ability to combine diplomatic skills with military judgment.

      Rose was born in Quetta, India (now in Pakistan), on Jan. 5, 1940. After studying at the University of Oxford and the Sorbonne, he was commissioned (1964) into the Coldstream Guards. He first saw active service in Aden (now part of Yemen), where the transition from colonial rule to independence (1967) was accompanied by considerable violence. In 1968 Rose joined the fabled Special Air Services (SAS), with whom he conducted a number of undercover operations in Northern Ireland, the Middle East, and East Asia. In 1976 he surfaced as a squadron commander in Northern Ireland. Although some British troops were accused of operating a shoot-to-kill policy, Rose acquired a reputation for insisting that all counterterrorist operations had to operate strictly within the law and under political control.

      On April 30, 1980, six Arab terrorists occupied the Iranian embassy in London, seizing 27 hostages. Six days later, after the murder of one hostage and the breakdown of negotiations to secure the release of the rest, Rose led a rescue team of SAS officers. They abseiled into the embassy, freed all the remaining hostages, and killed five terrorists. The assault, shown live on television, greatly enhanced the reputation of the SAS in general and Rose in particular.

      Two years later Rose played a prominent role in the recapture of the Falkland Islands/Islas Malvinas from Argentina. He led the operation that regained Mt. Kent, overlooking the capital, and subsequently negotiated the Argentine surrender that ended the war. In 1990 he was appointed director of the Army Staff College, with instructions to modernize its courses and shift its emphasis toward small-scale local wars and counterterrorist operations.

      His appointment as UN commander in Bosnia gave him a chance to use his experience. He quickly became convinced that he did not have enough troops to guarantee keeping the peace. Partly as a result, he sought to talk, rather than fight, his way out of problems. This provoked criticism from some quarters that he was too slow to launch air strikes against Serbian positions.

      Rose repeatedly called for an increase in his 10,000-strong force, especially the 3,700-strong British contingent. He also entered the argument over whether the UN should lift its arms embargo on Bosnia. He said that if the embargo were lifted, his troops would be placed in an impossible position and would have to withdraw. On October 17, the UN announced that Rose would leave Bosnia in January 1995, at the end of his 12-month term. (PETER KELLNER)

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Michael Rose (British Army officer) — Sir Michael Rose Michael Rose (left) with John Shalikashvili in 1994 …   Wikipedia

  • Michael Wilkes — Sir Michael Wilkes Born 1941 Allegiance United Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • Michael Hordern — Sir Michael Hordern Born Sir Michael Murray Hordern 3 October 1911(1911 10 03) The Poplars, High Street, Berkhamsted, England Died 2 May 1995(1995 05 02) (aged 83) Oxford, England Occupation …   Wikipedia

  • Michael Tippett — Sir Michael Kemp Tippett OM CH CBE (2 January 1905 – 8 January 1998) was an English composer. Michael Tippett In his long career he produced a large body of work, including five operas, three large scale choral works, four symphonies, five string …   Wikipedia

  • Michael Rose — may refer to: Michael Rose (singer) (born 1957), Jamaican reggae singer Michael Rose (album) Michael Rose (footballer) (born 1982), English footballer Michael R. Rose, evolutionary biologist Mike Rose (painter) (1932–2006), German painter, set… …   Wikipedia

  • Michael O'Dwyer — ca. 1912 Michael Francis O Dwyer, KCIE (April 1864 – 13 March 1940) was Lieutenant Governor of the Punjab in India from 1912 until 1919. O Dwyer endorsed General Reginald Dyer s action regarding the Jallianwala Bagh massacre and termed it a… …   Wikipedia

  • Sir Thomas Hardy, 1st Baronet — Sir Thomas Masterman Hardy, Bart Vice Admiral Sir Thomas Hardy Born …   Wikipedia

  • Michael Stoute — Sir Michael Ronald Stoute (born 22 October 1945 in Barbados) is a Barbadian British thoroughbred horse trainer in flat racing. Stoute, whose father was the Chief of police for Barbados, left the island in 1964 at the age of 19 to become an… …   Wikipedia

  • Michael Fawcett — is the former senior valet and a close personal friend of Charles, Prince of Wales. Fawcett resigned from his position in Prince Charles inner circle in March 2003, after the report by Sir Michael Peat Contents 1 Career 1.1 Prince Charles denial… …   Wikipedia

  • Michael Berry (physicist) — Michael Berry Born 14 March 1941 (1941 03 14) (age 70) Surrey Institutions University of Bristol …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”