Mansfield, Michael Joseph

Mansfield, Michael Joseph
▪ 2002
      American politician and diplomat (b. March 16, 1903, New York, N.Y.—d. Oct. 5, 2001, Washington, D.C.), served as majority leader of the U.S. Senate from 1961 to 1977 under four presidents—the longest anyone had held that post. During that time he was instrumental in guiding a number of vital acts of legislation to passage, among them the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, legislation that paved the way to ratification of the 26th Amendment, which lowered the voting age to 18 (1971), and the War Powers Act (1973). Mansfield was reared by an aunt and uncle in Montana, and when he was not yet 15, he joined the navy just before the U.S. entered World War I. Because he had lied about his age, he was discharged after 19 months, whereupon he joined the army, served for a year, and then joined the marines. Service in East Asia ignited a lifelong interest in that area. After returning to Montana, Mansfield worked in the copper mines and then, at the urging of his future wife, resumed his education, studying at the Montana State School of Mines, earning a high-school diploma through a correspondence course, and in 1930 entering the University of Montana. He received a bachelor's degree in 1933, joined the university's faculty, and the following year was awarded a master's. A growing interest in politics led Mansfield to seek the Democratic nomination for Montana's seat in the House of Representatives in the 1940 primary election, and though unsuccessful, he ran again in 1942 and won. He served in Congress for 10 years and in 1952 won election to the Senate, despite the anticommunist, red-baiting tactics of Sen. Joseph McCarthy, who campaigned for his opponent. Mansfield served on the Foreign Relations Committee, was named assistant majority leader in 1957, and in 1961, when Lyndon B. Johnson became vice president, moved up to majority leader. He remained in that position—guiding the increasing opposition to U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War and being a leading voice against the Richard M. Nixon administration during the Watergate scandal—until he retired from the Senate in 1977. Mansfield then was appointed ambassador to Japan, a post he held for 10 years, and upon his return to the U.S. in 1988, he became a senior adviser at the investment banking firm Goldman Sachs.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mansfield, Michael (Joseph) — known as Mike Mansfield born March 16, 1903, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Oct. 5, 2001, Washington, D.C. U.S. politician who was the longest serving majority leader (1961–77) in the U.S. Senate. He worked in Montana copper mines and later taught… …   Universalium

  • Mansfield, Michael (Joseph) — llamado Mike Mansfield (16 mar. 1903, Nueva York, N.Y. EE.UU.–5 oct. 2001, Washington, D.C.). Político estadounidense que fue el jefe de la mayoría que se desempeñó por más tiempo (1961–77) en el Senado. Trabajó en las minas de cobre de Montana y …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Mansfield, Michael — ▪ United States senator in full  Michael Joseph Mansfield , byname  Mike Mansfield   born March 16, 1903, New York, New York, U.S. died October 5, 2001, Washington, D.C.       Democratic politician who was the longest serving majority leader in… …   Universalium

  • Michael Joseph Ready — Styles of Michael Ready Reference style The Most Reverend Spoken style Your Excellency …   Wikipedia

  • Michael Mansfield (disambiguation) — Michael Mansfield is an English barrister and Queen s Counsel. Michael Mansfield or Mike Mansfield may also refer to: Michael Mansfield (Australian rules footballer) (born 1971) Mike Mansfield (Michael Joseph Mansfield) (1903–2001), American… …   Wikipedia

  • Mansfield — Mansfield, Katherine ► C. de Gran Bretaña, en Inglaterra, en Nottinghamshire; 58 949 h. * * * (as used in expressions) Mansfield, Katherine Kathleen Mansfield Beauchamp Mansfield, Michael (Joseph) Mike Mansfield Mansfield, William Murray, 1 conde …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Mansfield — /manz feeld /, n. 1. Katherine (Kathleen Beauchamp Murry), 1888 1923, English short story writer. 2. Michael Joseph (Mike), born 1903, U.S. politician: senator 1953 77. 3. Richard, 1857 1907, U.S. actor, born in Germany. 4. Mount, a mountain in N …   Universalium

  • Joseph — /joh zeuhf, seuhf/, n. 1. Jacob s eleventh son, the first of Jacob and his second wife, Rachel: sold into slavery by his brothers. Gen. 30:22 24; 37. 2. the husband of Mary who was the mother of Jesus. Matt. 1:16 25. 3. (Hinmaton yalaktit), c1840 …   Universalium

  • Joseph — (as used in expressions) Abbot, Sir John (Joseph Caldwell) Addison, Joseph Akiba ben Joseph Jacques Joseph Ahearn Arrow, Kenneth J(oseph) Abba Mari ben Moses ben Joseph Banks, Sir Joseph Belloc, (Joseph Pierre) Hilaire Berrigan, Daniel (Joseph) y …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Michael — /muy keuhl/, n. 1. a militant archangel. Dan. 10:13. 2. Rumanian, Mihai /mee huy /. born 1921, king of Rumania 1927 30, 1940 47 (son of Carol II). 3. (italics) a narrative poem (1800) by Wordsworth. 4. a male given name. * * * I In the Bible and… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”