Chacel, Rosa Clotilde Cecilia Maria del Carmen

Chacel, Rosa Clotilde Cecilia Maria del Carmen
▪ 1995

      Spanish novelist and poet (b. June 3, 1898, Valladolid, Spain—d. July 27, 1994, Madrid, Spain), as a member of the Generation of 1927, balanced her dense narrative style with surrealist imagery and psychological insights. Chacel studied painting and sculpture in Madrid, but ill health forced her to quit school in 1918. In 1922 she and her husband, the painter Timoteo Pérez Rubio, moved to Rome, where Chacel taught at the Spanish Academy and wrote her first novel, Estación: ida y vuelta (1930; "Station/Season, Round Trip"). After returning to Spain in 1927, she wrote a volume of sonnets, A la orilla de un pozo (1936; "At the Well's Edge"). During the Spanish Civil War, Chacel took her son to France, while Pérez Rubio stayed in Madrid to assist in the rescue of the art collection at the Prado Museum from the wartime violence. The family went into exile in South America in 1940. There Chacel published little of the poetry she wrote but continued to release essays, short stories, and novels, notably Memorias de Leticia Valle (1945; Memoirs of Leticia Valle) and La sinrazón (1960; "Without Reason"). She settled permanently in Spain after her husband's death in 1977. Chacel's later writings include fiction, essays, two autobiographical works, a study of her husband's paintings, and the verse collection Poesia (1931-1991) (1992). Chacel spent two years (1959-61) in New York City on a Guggenheim fellowship, won the National Award for Spanish Letters, and received the Gold Medal for Fine Arts from King Juan Carlos I shortly before her death.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Chacel, Rosa — ▪ Spanish writer in full  Rosa Clotilde Cecilia María del Carmen Chacel Arimón  born June 3, 1898, Valladolid, Spain died July 27, 1994, Madrid       leading mid 20th century Spanish woman novelist and an accomplished essayist and poet who, as a… …   Universalium

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