Aliyev, Heydar

Aliyev, Heydar
▪ 2004
Geidar Ali Reza ogly Aliev 
      Azerbaijani politician (b. May 10, 1923, Nakhichevan region, Transcaucasian S.F.S.R., U.S.S.R. [now an autonomous region of Azerbaijan]—d. Dec. 12, 2003, Cleveland, Ohio), was one of the most powerful men in Azerbaijan for more than 30 years, as deputy chairman (1964–67) and chairman (1967–69) of the regional KGB, as secretary (1969–87) of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan, and from 1993 as the repressive and autocratic president of independent Azerbaijan. Aliyev attained full membership in the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) Politburo in 1982, but he opposed Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev's reforms, and in 1987 he was removed from office. In 1990 he denounced Soviet intervention in his homeland, and he resigned from the party the following year. When a rebellion drove Pres. Abulfaz Elchibey into internal exile in June 1993, Aliyev stepped in as acting president. He legitimized his position in a special presidential election that October and was reelected in 1998. By the time the seriously ill Aliyev stepped down in favour of his son in 2003, he had conducted protracted peace negotiations with Armenia over the status of Nagorno-Karabakh and had opened up Azerbaijan's oil industry to outside investment, but the country remained economically disadvantaged.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Heydar Aliev — Heydar Aliyev Pour les articles homonymes, voir Aliyev …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Heydär Äliyev — Heydar Aliyev Pour les articles homonymes, voir Aliyev …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Heydar Aliyev — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Haydar et Aliyev …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Heydär Äliyev — Heydər Əliyev zu Besuch in Washington 1997 Heydər Əlirza oğlu Əliyev (alternative aserbaidschanische Schreibweise Heydär Älirza oğlu Äliyev; russisch Гейдар Алиевич Алиев/Geidar Alijewitsch Alijew; * 10. Mai 1923 in Naxçıvan; † 12. Dezember 2003… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aliyev — (sometimes spelled Aliev, from az. Əliyev, ru. Алиев, kz. Әлиев), Aliyeva for females, is a surname in the Caucasus and Central Asia. It may refer to: *Heydar Aliyev, former President of Azerbaijan **Heydar Aliyev International Airport in Baku,… …   Wikipedia

  • Heydar Aliyev Palace — (Azeri: Heydər Əliyev Adına Saray, also known as Baku Palace, formerly Republic Palace (Respublika Sarayı) and during the Soviet era known as Lenin Palace (Лeнин aдынa)) is the main music venue of Baku, Azerbaijan, seating 2158 people. The palace …   Wikipedia

  • Haydar Aliyev — Heydar Aliyev Pour les articles homonymes, voir Aliyev …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Heydar Aliyev — Infobox President|name=Heydar Aliyev, Heydər Əliyev nationality=Azerbaijani, order=3rd President of the Republic of Azerbaijan term start=June 24, 1993 term end=October 31, 2003 predecessor=Abülfaz Elçibay successor=Ilham Aliyev birth date=birth… …   Wikipedia

  • Heydar Aliyev International Airport — Infobox Airport name = Heydar Aliyev International Airport nativename = Heydər Əliyev adına beynəlxalq hava limanı IATA = GYD ICAO = UBBB type = Public owner = operator = Government city served = Baku, Azerbaijan location = elevation f = 10… …   Wikipedia

  • Heydar — Infobox Given Name Revised name = Heydar imagesize= caption= pronunciation= gender = meaning = region = origin = related names = footnotes = Heydar (Azerbaijani Heydər ) is an Azerbaijani given name. It is sometimes transliterated as Gaidar or… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”