Indian gateway, usually of stone, marking the entrance to a Buddhist shrine or stupa or to a Hindu temple.

Toranas typically consist of two pillars carrying two or three transverse beams that extend beyond the pillars on either side. Strongly reminiscent of wooden construction, toranas are often covered from top to bottom with exquisite sculpture. The four toranas of the Great Stupa at Sanchi (see Sanchi sculpture) are superb examples. See also torii.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • torana — ● torana nom masculin (sanskrit torana, voûte) En Inde, portique précédant le stupa, ou porche voûté surmonté d un décor polylobé …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Torana —   [Sanskrit] die, / s, Eingangstor zu Tempeln und Stupas in Indien. An Steinzäunen von Stupas wurden Toranas in den vier Himmelsrichtungen besonders prachtvoll reliefiert (Bharhut, Sanchi u. a.). Über den Stambhas tragen weibliche Stützfiguren… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Torana — Le terme sanscrit toraṇa, désigne, dans les traités d architecture indiens, quelle que soit leur obédience religieuse, une arche ou un portique, ouvrant l enceinte d un lieu sacré ou d une cité. Le terme désigne initialement une simple arcature à …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Torana — For the Australian car, see Holden Torana. A torana is a type of gateway seen in Hindu and Buddhist architecture. Toranas are associated with stupas like the Great Stupa in Sanchi. Symbolic toranas can also be made of flowers and even leaves and… …   Wikipedia

  • Torana — Toran To ran, Torana To ra*na, n. [Skr. t[=o]ra[.n]a an arch, a gate.] (Indian Arch.) A gateway, commonly of wood, but sometimes of stone, consisting of two upright pillars carrying one to three transverse lintels. It is often minutely carved… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • torana — En India, un portal, generalmente de piedra, que marca el acceso a un santuario budista o stupa, o a un templo hindú. Los toranas consisten generalmente en dos pilares que sostienen dos o tres vigas transversales que rebasan los pilares a ambos… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • toraṇa — तोरण …   Indonesian dictionary

  • torana — to·ra·na …   English syllables

  • torana — noun see toran …   Useful english dictionary

  • toraṇa-māla — तोरणमाल …   Indonesian dictionary

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