show jumping

show jumping
Competitive riding of horses through an obstacle course.

Horses run the course one at a time, and the winner is judged according to jumping ability and speed. Individual and team jumping events have been part of the Olympic Games since 1912. The President's Cup is the world team championship.

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▪ equestrian event
  competitive equestrian event in which horse and rider are required to jump, usually within a time limit, a series of obstacles that have been designed for a particular show.

 If possible, the horse is warmed up by walking and trotting for at least half an hour before entering the arena. The horse is guided by the rider toward the centre of each obstacle, his speed being contingent upon the breadth of each fence. The fences, which are not more than 1.6 metres (5.25 feet) high, often are placed less than 12 metres (40 feet) apart.

      Competitions that test jumping ability within a specified time period either convert faults into seconds (Table C scoring) or convert extra seconds into faults (Table A scoring). In some contests, time is significant only when there is equality of faults.

      The contest based on jumping ability alone, called Puissance, requires the horse to run over a set number of obstacles in progressively more difficult courses; there is a limit of four jump-offs for Puissance competitions.

      All international shows are governed by the Fédération Équestre Internationale (International Equestrian Federation). Open to international teams of four riders, a Nations Cup is based on two rounds, with the worst score of each team in each round being discarded. The President's Cup, instituted in 1965, is based on the results of the several Nations Cup competitions each year and is considered a world team championship. The prize is awarded to the team with the six best scores.

      Greatly increased prize money and attendance from the 1960s reflected the increased popularity of show jumping. Jumping events were held at the 1900 Olympic Games in Paris and have been held at every Olympics from 1912 in both individual and team competition.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • show jumping — show .jumping n [U] a sport in which horses with riders have to jump a series of fences as quickly and skilfully as possible >show jumper n …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • show jumping — show ,jumping noun uncount a sport in which someone riding a horse jumps over a set of fences and is judged on their speed and ability ╾ show ,jumper noun count …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • show jumping — UK US noun [uncountable] a sport in which someone riding a horse jumps over a set of fences and is judged on their speed and ability Thesaurus: horse racing and other horse riding competitionshyponym Derived Word: show jumper * * * noun… …   Useful english dictionary

  • show jumping — also showjumping N UNCOUNT Show jumping is a sport in which horses are ridden in competitions to demonstrate their skill in jumping over fences and walls …   English dictionary

  • show jumping — konkūras statusas T sritis Kūno kultūra ir sportas apibrėžtis Populiariausia jojimo sporto rungtis: raitelių varžybos griaunamų kliūčių ruože – parkūre. Raitelio tikslas – be klaidų ir greitai įveikti kliūtis. Kliūčių aukštis svarbiausiose… …   Sporto terminų žodynas

  • show jumping — UK / US noun [uncountable] a sport in which someone riding a horse jumps over a set of fences and is judged on their speed and ability Derived word: show jumper noun countable Word forms show jumper : singular show jumper plural show jumpers …   English dictionary

  • show jumping — noun Date: 1929 the competitive riding of horses one at a time over a set course of obstacles in which the winner is judged according to ability and speed • show jumper noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • show jumping — noun An equestrian event in which a riders horse is jumped over an array of obstacles. See Also: show jumper …   Wiktionary

  • show jumping — noun (U) a sport in which horses with riders have to jump a series of fences as quickly and skilfully as possible show jumper noun (C) …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

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