Wyler, William

Wyler, William
born July 1, 1902, Mulhouse, France
died July 27, 1981, Beverly Hills, Calif., U.S.

French-born U.S. film director.

After studies in France and Switzerland, he immigrated to New York in 1920. Working for Universal Pictures, he became a director of low-budget westerns, but he established a serious reputation with Counsellor-at-Law (1933) and went on to direct successes such as Dodsworth (1936), Wuthering Heights (1939), and The Little Foxes (1941). His films are noted for their clear narrative style and sensitive handling of human relationships. He won Academy Awards for Mrs. Miniver (1942) and The Best Years of Our Lives (1946), and he later directed popular movies such as Roman Holiday (1953), Ben-Hur (1959, Academy Award), and Funny Girl (1968).

* * *

▪ American director
born July 1, 1902, Mulhouse, France
died July 27, 1981, Beverly Hills, Calif., U.S.

      American director of motion pictures that combine a high technical polish with a clear narrative style and sensitive handling of human relationships. Most of his films were based on novels or plays.

      The son of a Swiss-born merchant in Alsace, Wyler attended the École Supérieure de Commerce in Lausanne, Switz., and the Paris Conservatory. In New York City he worked in the foreign publicity office of Universal Pictures in 1920–21. He then moved to Hollywood, working as an office boy, property boy, script clerk, assistant casting director, assistant director, and, finally, director of more than 50 westerns between 1925 and 1927.

  Counsellor-at-Law (1933) established his reputation as a serious director and initiated a series of box-office successes that included These Three (1936), Dodsworth (1936), Dead End (1937), Jezebel (1938), Wuthering Heights (1939), The Westerner (1940), The Letter (1940), and The Little Foxes (1941). Wyler developed a characteristic style based on varying the pictorial composition within each frame to create visual variety. Mrs. Miniver (1942) won him an Academy Award, as did two later films of equal popularity—The Best Years of Our Lives (1946) and Ben Hur (1959). During World War II he directed outstanding documentary films such as The Memphis Belle (1944) and Thunderbolt (1945). In the years following the war, his most highly acclaimed pictures included Roman Holiday (1953), The Big Country (1958), The Collector (1965), and Funny Girl (1968).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • WYLER, WILLIAM — (1902–1981), U.S. film director and producer. Born in Mulhouse, Alsace, Wyler emigrated to the United States in 1920 with his uncle, carl laemmle , head of Universal Pictures. In 1925 he directed the first of 50 two reel Westerns, starting his… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Wyler, William — (1902 1981)    Born Willi Weiller to Jewish parents in Mulhausen, Alsace (then part of Germany), William Wyler immigrated to the United States in 1920 to take a job in the New York office of the Universal Film Company. In 1922, he moved to work… …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • Wyler, William — • УА ЙЛЕР (Wyler) Уильям (1.7.1902 28.7.1981)    амер. режиссёр. Род. в Эльзасе. Учился в Высш. коммерч. школе в Лозанне, затем в Парижской консерватории. С 1920 в Голливуде. В 1925 дебютировал постановкой вестерна Плут Бастер . Сняв более 20 к/м …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Wyler,William — Wy·ler (wīʹlər), William. 1902 1981. American filmmaker who directed such film classics as Jezebel (1938), Wuthering Heights (1939), and Ben Hur (1959). * * * …   Universalium

  • Wyler, William —    см. Уайлер, Уильям …   Режиссерская энциклопедия. Кино США

  • Wyler, William — ► (1902 81) Director cinematográfico estadounidense. Destacó como adaptador de obras literarias (Jezabel, 1938; Cumbres borrascosas, 1939, etc.), para seguir luego una línea mucho más personal. Galardonado con tres Oscar (1942, 1946 y 1959) por… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Wyler — Wyler, William …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • WYLER (W.) — WYLER WILLIAM (1902 1981) En 1948 on venait de découvrir, en France, les films tournés à Hollywood depuis 1940 par William Wyler , André Bazin écrivit pour les numéros 10 et 11 de La Revue du cinéma de Jean George Auriol, une étude restée… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Wyler — may refer to:People* Gretchen Wyler * Mason Wyler * Robert Wyler * William WylerGeography* Wyler, North Rhine Westphalia A village in the district Cleves, North Rhine Westphalia, Germany * Wyler, Netherlands The Dutch part of above village, in… …   Wikipedia

  • William S. Maugham — William Somerset Maugham 1934 Fotograf: Carl van Vechten William Somerset Maugham [ˈsʌməsɪt mɔːm] (* 25. Januar 1874 in Paris; † 16. Dezember 1965 in Saint Jean Cap Ferrat bei Nizza) war ein …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”