Waksman, Selman (Abraham)

Waksman, Selman (Abraham)
born July 22, 1888, Priluka, Ukraine, Russian Empire
died Aug. 16, 1973, Hyannis, Mass., U.S.

Ukrainian-born U.S. biochemist.

He became a U.S. citizen in 1916 and spent most of his career at Rutgers University. After the discovery of penicillin, he played a major role in initiating a calculated, systematic search for antibiotics (a term he coined in 1941) among microorganisms. His 1943 discovery of streptomycin, the first specific agent effective in the treatment of tuberculosis, brought him a 1952 Nobel Prize. Waksman also isolated and developed several other antibiotics, including neomycin, that have been used in treating many infectious diseases of humans, domestic animals, and plants.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • WAKSMAN, SELMAN ABRAHAM — (1888–1973), U.S. microbiologist and Nobel Prize winner. Born in Priluki, Russia, he was taken to the United States as a child. From 1925, he taught at Rutgers University, heading its Institute of Microbiology from 1949. Although Waksman s… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Waksman,Selman Abraham — Waks·man (wăksʹmən), Selman Abraham. 1888 1973. Russian born American microbiologist. He won a 1952 Nobel Prize for discovering the antibiotic streptomycin. * * * …   Universalium

  • Waksman, Selman (Abraham) — (22 jul. 1888, Priluka, Ucrania, Imperio ruso–16 ago. 1973, Hyannis, Mass., EE.UU.). Bioquímico estadounidense nacido en Ucrania. Se nacionalizó en 1916 y pasó gran parte de su carrera en la Universidad de Rutgers. Después del descubrimiento de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Waksman, Selman Abraham — ▪ American biochemist born July 22, 1888, Priluka, Ukraine, Russian Empire [now Pryluky, Ukraine] died Aug. 16, 1973, Hyannis, Mass., U.S.  Ukrainian born American biochemist who was one of the world s foremost authorities on soil microbiology.… …   Universalium

  • Waksman , Selman Abraham — (1888–1973) Russian–American biochemist Waksman, who was born at Priluki in Russia, emigrated to America in 1910; he graduated from Rutgers University in 1915 and obtained his American citizenship the following year. He studied for his doctorate… …   Scientists

  • Waksman, Selman Abraham — (1888–1973)    US microbiologist and Nobel laureate, 1952. Waksman was taken as a child from Russia to the United States. In 1939 he discovered a bacteria killing agent in a micro organism found in soil. He coined the term ‘antibiotic’ (against… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Waksman, Selman Abraham — ► (18881973) Microbiólogo estadounidense. Fue premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología en 1952 por sus trabajos sobre los antibióticos y el descubrimiento de la estreptomicina …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Selman Abraham Waksman — Selman Waksman (1953) Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Selman Abraham Waksman — Selman Waksman (1953) Selman Abraham Waksman (ukrainisch Зельман Абрахам Ваксман, wiss. Transliteration Zel man Abracham Vaksman; * 8. Julijul./ 20. Juli 1888 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Selman Abraham Waksman — Selman Waksman Selman Waksman (1953) Salman Abraham Waksman, microbiologiste américain d origine russe ashkénaze, est né à Priluka, près de Kiev, le 22 juin 1888. Il est décédé le 16 août 1973. Son père s appelait Jacob Waksman et sa mère, Fradia …   Wikipédia en Français

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