Medieval principality, between the Oka River and the Upper Volga, northeastern Russia.

Ruled by a branch of the Rurik dynasty during the 12th–14th centuries, it united with Rostov and in the 12th century with Vladimir. Suzdal-Vladimir achieved great political and economic importance, but in the 13th–14th centuries it disintegrated into small principalities, which ultimately were absorbed by Moscow. See also Vladimir-Suzdal school.

* * *

▪ historical principality, Russia
in full  Suzdal Principality,  Russian in full  Suzdalskoye Knyazhestvo,  

      medieval principality that occupied the area between the Oka River and the Upper Volga in northeastern Russia. During the 12th to 14th centuries, Suzdal was under the rule of a branch of the Rurik dynasty. As one of the successor regions to Kiev, the principality achieved great political and economic importance, first becoming prominent during the reign of Andrey Bogolyubsky (Andrew I) (1157–74), who conquered Kiev (1169) and transferred the title of “grand prince” from that ancient capital first to Suzdal, then to Vladimir, his new capital on the Klyazma River. He and his brother and successor, Vsevolod III (1176–1212), organized a strong monarchical political system and, as rulers of the Grand Principality of Vladimir, became the most powerful of the Russian princes. They encouraged their subordinate princes to develop the principality and to build churches, palaces, and new cities.

      But the Suzdal princes came to regard their territories as private, hereditary property, and, contrary to Russian custom, they divided it among their heirs. Suzdal–Vladimir thus disintegrated into small principalities (13th and 14th centuries), which nominally recognized the seniority of the grand prince of Vladimir. After the Tatar invasion (1237–40), they became subject to the Golden Horde. Prince Konstantin Vasilyevich (1332–55) attempted to rebuild the area of Suzdal and Nizhny Novgorod, which the Tatar khan Jani Beg had made into a new grand duchy (c. 1342). His son Dmitry was briefly the grand prince of Vladimir (1359–62). Nevertheless, the title of grand prince soon reverted to the princes of Moscow, and in 1392 Prince Vasily I Dmitriyevich of Moscow annexed the Suzdal–Nizhny Novgorod region.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Suzdal — ( ru. Суздаль) is a town in Vladimir Oblast, Russia, situated north east of Moscow, km to mi|26 from the city of Vladimir, on the Kamenka River. Population: ru census|p2002=11357|p1989=12063The history of the town dates back to at least the year… …   Wikipedia

  • Súzdal — Суздаль Súzdal Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Suzdal' — Original name in latin Suzdal’ Name in other language SUZDAL , Soezdal, Souzdal, Souzntal, Susdal, Suzdal, Suzdal , Suzdal’, Szdal, su zi da er, sujeudal, suzdali, СУЗДАЛЬ, Суздаль State code RU Continent/City Europe/Moscow longitude 56.42274… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Suzdal — Stadt Susdal Суздаль Flagge Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Suzdal — Souzdal Souzdal Суздаль …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Súzdal — Principado medieval situado entre el río Oká y el alto Volga, en el nordeste de Rusia. Gobernado por una rama de la dinastía Riúrik durante los s. XII–XIV, se unió con Rostov y, en el s. XII, con Vladímir. El estado de Vladímir Súzdal alcanzó… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Suzdal (Russia) — Hotels: Kuchkov s Guest House Suzdal (City) Pokrovskaya Hotel Suzdal (City) Tourcentre Rizalit Hotel Suzdal (City) …   International hotels

  • Suzdal Countryside Motel — (Суздаль,Россия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Улица Коровники 45, Суздаль, Россия …   Каталог отелей

  • Suzdal — Sụzdal   [ z ], Stadt in Russland, Susdal …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Vladimir-Suzdal — Principality* Владимиро Суздальское княжество Vladimiro Suzdal skoye knyazhestvo Since 1239 Vassal state of the Golden Horde …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”