Sevier, John

Sevier, John
born Sept. 23, 1745, New Market, Va.
died Sept. 24, 1815, Fort Decatur, Mississippi Territory

American frontiersman and politician.

He moved to what is now eastern Tennessee in 1773, where he fought in Lord Dunmore's War. In the American Revolution he helped win the Battle of King's Mountain (1780). He participated in a settlers' revolt against North Carolina that formed the temporary state of Franklin (1784) and was elected its governor (1785–88). He served in the U.S. House of Representatives from North Carolina (1789–91). When Tennessee joined the Union, he served as its governor (1796–1801, 1803–09).

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▪ American politician
byname  Nolichucky Jack 
born September 23, 1745, New Market, Virginia [U.S.]
died September 24, 1815, Fort Decatur, Mississippi Territory [now in Alabama, U.S.]

      American frontiersman, soldier, and first governor of the state of Tennessee.

      In 1773 Sevier moved his family westward across the Allegheny Mountains to what is now eastern Tennessee. The next year he fought the Indians in Lord Dunmore's War (1773–74), and during the American Revolution (1775–83) he became a hero for his part in the victory over loyalist forces in the Battle of King's Mountain (Kings Mountain, Battle of) (1780).

      In 1784 Sevier took part in the settlers' revolt against North Carolina that led to the formation of the separate state of Franklin. He was elected its first governor, but many of the settlers were hostile to him, and by 1790 the state of Franklin had collapsed. Denounced as a disturber of the peace, he fled to the mountains. The next year he regained favour and was elected to the North Carolina Senate and later served in the U.S. House of Representatives (1789–91).

      After North Carolina ceded its western territory to the new federal government (1790), Sevier was a leader among the settlers of the region, and when it was admitted to the Union (1796) as the state of Tennessee, he served as governor from 1796 to 1801 and from 1803 to 1809. He was then elected to the state senate and finally to the U.S. House of Representatives (1811), where he served until his death.

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Universalium. 2010.

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