Scottish Gaelic language

Scottish Gaelic language
Celtic language of northern Scotland, a descendant of the Irish speech introduced into northern Britain by invaders in the 4th–5th centuries.

Gaelic gradually supplanted Pictish (see Picts) as well as the British Celtic Lowlands dialects, and by the Middle Ages it was the language of all of the Scottish Highlands and part of the Lowlands. Until the 17th century, Classical Modern Irish (see Irish language) was the literary medium of Gaeldom, and only after its collapse did writers regularly begin to use features that distinguish Scottish Gaelic dialects from Irish dialects. Increasing Anglicization, suppression of traditional culture after the Battle of Culloden, and the 19th-century land clearances precipitated a marked decline; today it is probably a true community language for fewer than 80,000 people, most of whom live on the northwestern coast and the Hebrides.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Scottish Gaelic punk — is a subgenre of punk rock in which bands sing some or all of their music in Scottish Gaelic. The Gaelic punk scene is, in part, an affirmation of the value of minority languages and cultures. [McLaughlin, N. and McLoone, M. (2000) Hybridity and… …   Wikipedia

  • Scottish Gaelic — Not to be confused with Scots language or Scottish English. Scottish Gaelic Gàidhlig Pronunciation [ˈkaːlikʲ] Spoken in …   Wikipedia

  • Gaelic Language (Scotland) Act 2005 — The Gaelic Language (Scotland) Act passed by the Scottish Parliament in 2005 is the first piece of legislation to give formal recognition to the Scottish Gaelic language.The Gaelic Language Act aims to secure Gaelic as an official language of… …   Wikipedia

  • Scottish Gaelic grammar — This article describes the grammar of the Scottish Gaelic language.Grammar overviewScottish Gaelic is a synthetic language. Nouns and pronouns, adjectives and articles are marked for up to four cases: nominative or base form, vocative, genitive,… …   Wikipedia

  • Scottish Gaelic Wikipedia — Infobox website name = Scottish Gaelic Wikipedia caption = url = commercial = No location = Miami, Florida type = Internet encyclopedia project language = Scottish Gaelic registration = Optional owner = Wikimedia… …   Wikipedia

  • Differences between Scottish Gaelic and Irish — Scottish Gaelic is closely related to Irish. Most dialects are not immediately mutually comprehensible[citation needed], though many individual words and phrases are, and speakers of the two languages can rapidly develop mutual intelligibility.… …   Wikipedia

  • Scottish Gaelic personal naming system — Traditional Scottish Gaelic surnames, in the English sense, are not generally in use in colloquial Gaelic except when speaking of strangers.It was once traditional for everyone living in a Gaelic speaking district to have a local nickname… …   Wikipedia

  • Scottish Gaelic — noun the Gaelic of Scotland • Syn: ↑Scots Gaelic • Hypernyms: ↑Gaelic, ↑Goidelic, ↑Erse * * * noun Usage: capitalized S&G : the Gaelic language of Scotland see …   Useful english dictionary

  • Scottish Gaelic — noun The Gaelic language of Scotland, spoken primarily in the northern and western parts of the country, with important communities in Glasgow and Edinburgh. Scottish Gaelic had its widest influence between 800 and 1200 , as place names… …   Wiktionary

  • scottish-gaelic — adjective Usage: usually capitalized S&G Etymology: Scottish Gaelic : of, relating to, or characteristic of the Gaelic language of Scotland …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”