Schuyler, Philip John

Schuyler, Philip John
born Nov. 11, 1733, Albany, N.Y.
died Nov. 18, 1804, Albany, N.Y., U.S.

American Revolutionary officer.

He served in the French and Indian War and helped settle colonial war claims with Britain (1761–63). He served in the New York legislature (1768–75) and in the Continental Congress (1775–77, 1778–80). In the American Revolution he was commissioned one of four major generals in the Continental Army. As commander of the northern department, he was unable, because of illness, to undertake his planned invasion of Canada. His later defeat at the Battle of Ticonderoga led to his replacement by Horatio Gates. He subsequently served as one of New York's first U.S. senators (1789–91, 1797–98).

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▪ United States statesman
born Nov. 11, 1733, Albany, N.Y.
died Nov. 18, 1804, Albany, N.Y., U.S.

      American soldier, political leader, and member of the Continental Congress. Born into a prominent New York family, Schuyler served in the provincial army during the last French and Indian War (1755–60), rising to the rank of major. After the war he went to England (1761–63) to help negotiate the settlement of colonial war claims. He served in the New York Assembly (1768–75) and was a delegate to the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia (1775–77). When the Revolutionary War broke out in 1775 he was commissioned one of the four major generals in the Continental Army.

      Placed in command of the northern department, he made preparations for an invasion of Canada, but shortly after the expedition started, he fell ill, and the actual command devolved upon Gen. Richard Montgomery. Nonetheless, when the invasion proved a failure Schuyler's reputation suffered, and two years later, with the fall of Ft. Ticonderoga, N.Y., he was accused of incompetence and neglect of duty and was replaced by Gen. Horatio Gates. Court-martialled at his own insistence in 1778, Schuyler was acquitted of all charges, and resigned from the army the following year.

      Schuyler was again a member of the Continental Congress (1778–80), and then served in the New York state senate (1780–84, 1786–90). He campaigned actively in New York for ratification of the new U.S. Constitution, and was one of his state's first two U.S. senators (1789–91). In 1791 he was defeated for reelection by Aaron Burr, and returned to the state senate (1792–97). He recaptured his seat from Burr in 1797, but was forced by ill health to retire less than a year later.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Schuyler,Philip John — Schuy·ler (skīʹlər), Philip John. 1733 1804. American Revolutionary general of American forces in New York State who was relieved of his command after the British capture of Fort Ticonderoga (1777). He later served as a U.S. senator from New York …   Universalium

  • Schuyler, Philip John — (1733 1804)    Born in Albany. Served in the French and Indian War, 1755, and took part in battle of Lake George. Resigned from the army, 1757, and again served, 1758 1761. On the breaking out of the Revolution, took the colonial side, and in… …   The makers of Canada

  • Schuyler, Philip John — (11 nov. 1733, Albany, N.Y.–18 nov. 1804, Albany, N.Y., EE.UU.). Oficial de la guerra de la independencia de EE.UU. Prestó servicios en la guerra francesa e india y contribuyó a resolver con Gran Bretaña las reclamaciones coloniales de guerra… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • SCHUYLER, PHILIP JOHN —    leader in the American War of Independence, born at Albany, of Dutch descent; served in arms under Washington, and health failing for action, became one of Washington s most sagacious advisers (1733 1804) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Philip John Schuyler — Philip Schuyler Philip John Schuyler (* 20. November 1733 in Albany, New York; † 18. November 1804 ebenda) war amerikanischer General im Amerikanischen Unabhängigkeitskrieg und Senator für den Bundesstaat …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Philip Schuyler — Philip John Schuyler (* 20. November 1733 in Albany, New York; † 18. November 1804 ebenda) war amerikanischer General im Amerikanischen Unabhängigkeitskrieg und Senator für den Bundesstaat New York. Er wird üblicherweise „Philip Schuyler“ gen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Philip Schuyler — Portrait de Philip Schuyler. Philip John Schuyler, né le 20 novembre 1733 à Albany et mort le 18 novembre 1804 dans cette même ville, est un général de la Révolution américaine et un sénateur américain. Biographie Philip Schuyler est issu d une… …   Wikipédia en Français

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