- Rossellino, Bernardo
born 1409, Settignano, Republic of Florencedied Sept. 23, 1464, FlorenceItalian architect and sculptor.Influenced by Donatello, Filippo Brunelleschi, and Luca Della Robbia, he developed a moderately Classical style. His tomb for Leonardo Bruni (1444–50) in Santa Croce, Florence, was one of the greatest achievements of early Renaissance sculpture and inaugurated a new type of sepulchral monument. Its fine balance between sculpture and architecture, figure and decoration, made it the prototypical niche tomb of its time. He also designed the apse of St. Peter's Basilica and the cathedral and Piccolomini Palace in Pienza (1460–64). He presumably trained his brother Antonio (1427–79), who regularly assisted him.
* * *▪ Italian sculptorborn c. 1409, Settignano, Republic of Florence [Italy]died Sept. 23, 1464, Florenceinfluential early Italian Renaissance architect and sculptor.Rossellino was trained by Filippo Brunelleschi (Brunelleschi, Filippo) and was influenced by Luca della Robbia (Della Robbia, Luca) and Lorenzo Ghiberti (Ghiberti, Lorenzo). His style exhibited a moderate classicism, as observed in an early tabernacle (1449, Sant'Egidio, Florence). Rossellino's masterpiece, the tomb of Leonardo Bruni (Bruni, Leonardo) (1444–50) in Santa Croce, Florence, was executed for that eminent chancellor and inaugurated a new type of sepulchral monument that ranks with the greatest achievements of early Renaissance sculpture. The work, establishing a fine balance between sculpture and architecture, figure and decoration, became the prototypical wall monument of its time. Other significant works include the tomb of Orlando de' Medici (1456–57) in Santissima Annunziata, Florence, and the Tomb of the Blessed Villana delle Botte (1451–52) in Santa Maria Novella, Florence.As an architect, Rossellino worked for Pope Nicholas V (Nicholas V), who employed him (1451–53) on the building of St. Peter's (Saint Peter's Basilica) in Rome, for which he designed the apse, and for Pope Pius II (Pius II). From his uncompleted reconstruction of Pienza, the pope's native city (renamed from Corsignano), the cathedral and the Piccolomini Palace (1460–63) are two of his most celebrated works. Although the extent of Rossellino's contribution to the project's design has not been fully determined, he was closely associated with this monument of Renaissance urban planning.
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