- Rose of Lima, Saint
orig. Isabel de Floresborn April 20/30, 1586, Lima, Viceroyalty of Perudied Aug. 24, 1617, Lima; canonized April 12, 1671; feast day August 23, formerly August 30Patron saint of Peru and all of South America, the first person born in the Western Hemisphere to be canonized by the Roman Catholic church.Born to a wealthy family, she joined a Dominican order in 1606, overcoming her mother's objections. She went into seclusion in a hut in the family garden, where she lived with great austerity, fasting, wearing a crown of thorns, and sleeping on a bed of broken glass. She experienced many visions, particularly of the Devil. Only in her last three years did she leave her seclusion. Many miracles were reported after her death.
* * *▪ Peruvian saintSpanish Santa Rosa De Lima, original name Isabel De Floresborn April 20/30, 1586, Lima, Viceroyalty of Peru [now in Peru]died Aug. 24, 1617, Lima; canonized April 12, 1671; feast day August 23, formerly August 30patron saint of Peru and of all South America and the first person born in the Western Hemisphere to be canonized by the Roman Catholic Church.Born into a wealthy family, Rosa (the name by which she was always known) was drawn to penitential practices and a spiritual life, which was opposed by her mother, who wanted her to marry. The struggle between them lasted 10 years, during which time Rose made a perpetual vow of virginity, taking St. Catherine of Siena as her model. In 1606 her mother relented and allowed Rosa to become a Dominican of the Third Order. She chose strict enclosure and contemplation and withdrew to the seclusion of a hut in the family garden, where she endured a life of severe austerity: she wore a crown of thorns, practiced fasting, slept on a bed of broken glass and potsherds, and experienced numerous visions, particularly of the devil. Only in the last three years of her life did she leave her seclusion. Her funeral was an occasion of public honour, and many miracles were said to have occurred after her death.She was beatified in 1668 by Pope Clement IX and declared patron of Lima; she was canonized by Pope Clement X, who proclaimed her patron saint of South America, the Indies, and the Philippines.
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