Robinson, Frank

Robinson, Frank
born Aug. 31, 1935, Beaumont, Tex., U.S.

U.S. baseball player and the first black manager in major league baseball.

Robinson played principally for the Cincinnati Reds (1956–65) and Baltimore Orioles (1966–71). In 1966 he won the triple crown, leading the league in home runs (49), runs batted in (122), and batting average (.316). He later managed the Cleveland Indians (1975–77), San Francisco Giants (1981–84), Baltimore Orioles (1988–91), and Montreal Expos (since 2002).

* * *

▪ American athlete
born August 31, 1935, Beaumont, Texas, U.S.
 American professional baseball player who became the first black manager in Major League Baseball.

      As a youth, Robinson played sandlot and American Legion Junior League baseball in Oakland, California, and at McClymonds High School, where he also played football and basketball. The right-hander played third base and pitched occasionally. After graduation he was signed by the National League Cincinnati Reds and played with their minor league teams (third base and outfield) until he joined the parent club in 1956, the year he was awarded Rookie of the Year honours. He batted more than .300 in 5 of 10 years before he was traded to the American League Baltimore Orioles in 1966. In his first season with Baltimore, he won the Triple Crown—leading the league in home runs (49), runs batted in (122), and batting average (.316). He remained with Baltimore through 1971 and then played with the National League Los Angeles Dodgers (1972) and the American League California Angels (1973–74) and Cleveland Indians (1974–76). With 586 career home runs, Robinson ranked fourth in home runs hit, after Hank Aaron (Aaron, Hank) (755), Babe Ruth (Ruth, Babe) (714), and Willie Mays (Mays, Willie) (660) when he retired in 1976.

      Robinson began managing the Indians in 1975, the first African American to manage a major league team. He had begun his managing career in winter baseball for the Santurce team in the Puerto Rican League in 1968 and had also coached at Baltimore and in the minor leagues for the International League. In 1981 he became manager of the National League San Francisco Giants. In 1984 Robinson returned to the Orioles, working as a coach, as a manager, and in the front office for the team's upper management. He stayed with the Orioles until the end of the 1995 season. In 2000 Robinson was put in charge of discipline as a vice president of Major League Baseball,meting out fines and suspensions in controversial imbroglios, and in 2002 he became manager of the Montreal Expos. Robinson was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, New York, in 1982.

Additional Reading
Robinson described his career in My Life Is Baseball (1968), written with Al Silverman, and in Extra Innings (1988), written with Barry Stainback. Russell J. Schneider, Frank Robinson: The Making of a Manager (1976), analyzes race in baseball and Robinson's historic shift from player to manager.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Robinson,Frank — Robinson, Frank. Born 1935. American baseball player who, during his career with the Cincinnati Reds and the Baltimore Orioles, became the first player named most valuable player of both the National (1961) and American (1966) leagues. * * * …   Universalium

  • Robinson, Frank — (n. 31 ago. 1935, Beaumont, Texas, EE.UU.). Beisbolista estadounidense y primer entrenador afroamericano de las grandes ligas del béisbol. Jugó principalmente en los Cincinnati Reds (1956–65) y los Baltimore Orioles (1966–71). En 1966 ganó la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Frank M. Robinson — (* 9. August 1926 in Chicago) ist ein US amerikanischer Science Fiction Schriftsteller. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 2.1 Romane 2.2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Frank — Frank, Karl Hermann Frank, Leonhard Frank, ll´ja Michailovič * * * (as used in expressions) Baum, L(yman) Frank Buckley, William F(rank), Jr. Burnet, Sir (Frank) Macfarlane Capra, Frank Chapman, Frank Michler Frank James Cooper …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Robinson — /rob in seuhn/, n. 1. Bill ( Bojangles ), 1878 1949, U.S. tap dancer. 2. Boardman /bawrd meuhn, bohrd /, 1876 1952, U.S. painter and illustrator, born in Nova Scotia. 3. Edward G. (Emanuel Goldenberg), 1893 1973, U.S. actor, born in Rumania. 4.… …   Universalium

  • Robinson — (De Robinsón Crusoe, protagonista de una novela de Daniel Defoe.) ► sustantivo masculino Persona solitaria capaz de valerse y bastarse por sí misma: ■ sus viajes y aventuras le han convertido en un robinsón . * * * robinsón (por alusión a… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • frank — frank1 frankable, adj. franker, n. /frangk/, adj., franker, frankest, n., v. adj. 1. direct and unreserved in speech; straightforward; sincere: Her criticism of my work was frank but absolutely fair. 2. without inhibition or subterfuge; direct;… …   Universalium

  • Frank — /frangk/, n. 1. a member of a group of ancient Germanic peoples dwelling in the regions of the Rhine, one division of whom, the Salians, conquered Gaul about A.D. 500, founded an extensive kingdom, and gave origin to the name France. 2. (in the… …   Universalium

  • Frank Robinson — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Frank Robinson (nacido el 31 de agosto de 1935) jugó en las Grandes Ligas de Béisbol y sirvió de piloto de los Washington Nationals de 2002 a 2006. Robinson fue elegido miembro del Salón de la fama del Béisbol en… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Frank Robinson (disambiguation) — Frank Robinson can refer to*Frank Robinson, American baseball player *Frank B. Robinson (1886 1948), American baptist *Frank D. Robinson, American businessman and helicopter designer *Frank M. Robinson, American writer *Frank Mason Robinson,… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”