Reinhardt, Django

Reinhardt, Django
orig. Jean-Baptiste Reinhardt

born Jan. 23, 1910, Liberchies, Belg.
died May 16, 1953, Fontainebleau, France

Belgian-French guitarist.

Of Roma (Gypsy) parentage, Reinhardt learned guitar at an early age, adapting his technique to accommodate the loss of the use of two fingers burned in a caravan fire in 1928. With jazz violinist Stéphane Grappelli (1908–97), he formed the Quintette du Hot Club de France in 1934. He toured the U.S. with Duke Ellington in 1946. Reinhardt was one of the first important guitar soloists in jazz; his blend of swing and the Roma musical tradition as well as his unconventional technique made him a unique and legendary figure.

Django Reinhardt, 1947

By courtesy of down beat magazine

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▪ Roma musician
original name  Jean-baptiste Reinhardt  
born Jan. 23, 1910, Liberchies, Belg.
died May 16, 1953, Fontainebleau, France
 guitarist who is generally considered one of the few European jazz musicians of true originality.

      Reinhardt, who was of Gypsy parentage, traveled through France and Belgium as a boy and young man learning to play the violin, guitar, and banjo. The loss of the use of two fingers of his left hand after a caravan fire in 1928 did not impair his remarkable aptitude for the guitar. In 1934 he became coleader, with violinist Stéphane Grappelli, of the Quintette du Hot Club de France, a group whose many records are greatly prized by connoisseurs. In his only visit to the United States, in 1946, Reinhardt toured with the Duke Ellington orchestra.

      For most of his career Reinhardt played in the swing style that reached its peak of popularity in the 1930s. Perhaps his most lasting influence on jazz was the introduction of solos based on melodic improvisation, at a time when guitarists generally played chorded solos. His inimitable improvisations, particularly those in slow tempos, were often a curious but beguiling blend of Gypsy and jazz sounds. Among his guitar compositions transposed into orchestral works are “Nuages” and “Manoir des mes rêves.

Additional Reading
C. Delaunay, Django Reinhardt (1961, reprinted 1982).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Reinhardt, Django — orig. Jean Baptiste Reinhardt (23 ene. 1910, Liberchies, Bélgica–16 may. 1953, Fontainebleau, Francia). Guitarrista francobelga. Hijo de padres gitanos, Reinhardt aprendió guitarra precozmente y adaptó su técnica para suplir el uso de dos dedos… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Reinhardt, Django — soprannome di Reinhardt, Jean …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Reinhardt, Django (Jean-Baptiste) — (1910 1953)    Born in Belgium, though he spent most of his life in France. Musician. Reinhardt was in fact his mother s surname, while his father was called Weiss. As a young Gypsy musician, Reinhardt began his career busking in Paris. In 1920,… …   Historical dictionary of the Gypsies

  • Django Reinhardt — (1946) Background information Birth name Jean Reinhardt Born …   Wikipedia

  • Django Reinardt — Django Reinhardt Pour les articles homonymes, voir Reinhardt. Django Reinhardt Nom Jean Baptiste Reinhardt Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Reinhardt — Reinhardt, Max Goldmann, llamado Max * * * (as used in expressions) Reinhardt, Ad(olf Frederick) Reinhardt, Django Jean Baptiste Reinhardt Reinhardt, Max …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Django Reinhardt — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Django et Reinhardt. Django Reinhardt …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Django — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Django est un terme romani signifiant je m éveille. C était le surnom du joueur de guitare Django Reinhardt. Django Reinhardt a donné son prénom à :… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Reinhardt — /ruyn hahrt/; Ger. /rdduyn hahrddt/, n. Max /maks/; Ger. /mahks/, (Max Goldmann), 1873 1943, German theatrical director, producer, and actor; born in Austria. * * * (as used in expressions) Reinhardt Adolf Frederick Reinhardt Django Jean Baptiste …   Universalium

  • Django Reinhardt — im New Yorker Jazzclub Aquarium, Ende Oktober 1946. Fotografie von William P. Gottlieb. Jean „Django“ Reinhardt (* 23. Januar 1910 in Liberchies, Belgien; † 16. Mai 1953 in Samois sur Seine bei Paris) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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