Pushkin, Aleksandr (Sergeyevich)

Pushkin, Aleksandr (Sergeyevich)
born June 6, 1799, Moscow, Russia
died Feb. 10, 1837, St. Petersburg

Russian writer.

Born into an aristocratic family, Pushkin began his literary career while still a student at the Imperial Lyceum at Tsarskoye Selo (later renamed Pushkin). His first major work was the romantic poem Ruslan and Ludmila (1820). With his political verses and epigrams, he became associated with a revolutionary movement that culminated in the unsuccessful Decembrist revolt of 1825. Banished to several provincial locations, he produced a cycle of romantic narrative poems that confirmed him as the leading Russian poet of the day and the leader of the Romantic generation of the 1820s. He also worked on his important historical tragedy, Boris Godunov (1831), and his central masterpiece, the novel in verse Eugene Onegin (1833). After Nicholas I allowed him to return to Moscow in 1826, Pushkin abandoned his revolutionary sentiments, turning to the figure of Peter the Great in poems such as The Bronze Horseman (1837). Other works from this period include the classic short story "The Queen of Spades" (1834) and the drama The Stone Guest (1839). In his late works the motif of peasant rebellion is prominent. The object of suspicion in court circles, he died at age 37 after being forced into a duel. He is often considered his country's greatest poet and the founder of modern Russian literature.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Pushkin,Aleksandr Sergeyevich — Push·kin (po͝oshʹkĭn, po͞oshʹ ), Aleksandr Sergeyevich. 1799 1837. Russian writer. Widely regarded as Russia s greatest poet, he wrote the verse novel Eugene Onegin (1831), the play Boris Godunov (1831), and many narrative and lyrical poems and… …   Universalium

  • Pushkin, Aleksandr Sergeyevich — ▪ Russian author Introduction born May 26 [June 6, New Style], 1799, Moscow, Russia died Jan. 29 [Feb. 10], 1837, St. Petersburg  Russian poet, novelist, dramatist, and short story writer; he has often been considered his country s greatest poet… …   Universalium

  • Aleksandr Sergeyevich Pushkin — noun Russian poet (1799 1837) • Syn: ↑Pushkin, ↑Alexander Pushkin • Instance Hypernyms: ↑poet …   Useful english dictionary

  • Aleksandr Sergeyevich — n. family name; Alexander Pushkin (1799 1837), Russian poet and writer of short stories; town in Russia …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Griboyedov, Aleksandr Sergeyevich — ▪ Russian dramatist Griboyedov also spelled  Griboedov   born Jan. 4 [Jan. 15, New Style], 1795, Moscow, Russia died Jan. 30 [Feb. 11], 1829, Tehrān, Iran       Russian playwright whose comedy Gore ot uma (Wit Works Woe) is one of the finest in… …   Universalium

  • Aleksandr Pushkin — Para otros usos de este término, véase Pushkin (desambiguación). Aleksandr Pushkin Cuadro realizado por Vasili Tropinin (1827) Nacimi …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sergeyevich — (as used in expressions) Gorbachev Mikhail Sergeyevich Khrushchev Nikita Sergeyevich Prokofiev Sergey Sergeyevich Pushkin Aleksandr Sergeyevich Trubetskoy Nikolay Sergeyevich Turgenev Ivan Sergeyevich Stanislavsky Konstantin Sergeyevich… …   Universalium

  • Aleksandr — (as used in expressions) Aleksandr Pavlovich Aleksandr Nikolayevich Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Blok Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Borodin Aleksandr Porfiryevich Glazunov Aleksandr Konstantinovich Gorchakov Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prince Gorsky Aleksandr… …   Universalium

  • Pushkin — /poosh kin/; Russ. /pooh shkyin/, n. Alexander Sergeevich /al ig zan deuhr serr gay euh vich, zahn /; Russ. /u lyi ksahn drdd syirdd gye yi vyich/, 1799 1837, Russian poet, short story writer, and dramatist. * * * ▪ Russia formerly (from 1728)… …   Universalium

  • Pushkin — noun Russian poet (1799 1837) • Syn: ↑Alexander Pushkin, ↑Aleksandr Sergeyevich Pushkin • Instance Hypernyms: ↑poet …   Useful english dictionary

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