Petipa, Marius

Petipa, Marius
born March 11, 1818, Marseille, Fr.
died July 14, 1910, Gurzuf, Ukraine, Russian Empire

French-born Russian dancer and choreographer.

He received his early training from his ballet-master father and was a principal dancer in France, Belgium, and Spain before joining the Imperial Theatre in St. Petersburg in 1847. There he also created several ballets, including The Pharaoh's Daughter, which led to his appointment as chief choreographer in 1869. By his retirement in 1903, he had produced more than 60 ballets for the imperial theatres in St. Petersburg and Moscow
including Don Quixote (1869), La Camargo (1872), Sleeping Beauty (1890), Swan Lake (1895), and The Seasons (1900)
which formed the core of the classical Russian repertoire.

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▪ French-Russian dancer and choreographer
born March 11, 1818, Marseille, France
died July 14 [July 1, Old Style], 1910, Gurzuf, Ukraine, Russian Empire

      dancer and choreographer who worked for nearly 60 years at the Mariinsky Theatre in St. Petersburg and had a profound influence on modern classical Russian ballet. He directed many of the greatest artists in Russian ballet and developed ballets that retain an important position in Russian dance repertoire.

      Petipa and his brother Lucien (later principal dancer at the Paris Opéra) received their early training from their father, Jean, a ballet master long active in Brussels. After Marius' debut in Nantes, France, in 1838, he danced in Belgium, France, and the United States (he appeared in New York City in 1839) before accepting an engagement in Spain, where he gathered material for ballets later produced in Russia. He established a reputation as a talented pantomime artist and one of the outstanding dancers of his day.

      Petipa made his initial appearance at the St. Petersburg Mariinsky Theatre in 1847 in Paquita and staged his first original ballet, Un Mariage sous la régence (“A Regency Marriage”), there in 1858. For his wife, the ballerina Mariya Surovshchikova, he created Le Marché des Paris (1859; “Parisian Market”; staged as Le Marché des innocents, 1861). His first outstanding success was La fille du pharaon (1862; “The Pharaoh's Daughter”).

      Later, after becoming choreographer in 1862 and chief choreographer in 1869, Petipa produced more than 60 ballets, working from carefully detailed plans that became the basis of modern classical ballet in Russia. He collaborated with Tchaikovsky on The Nutcracker (Casse Noisette, choreographed by his assistant Lev Ivanov) and The Sleeping Beauty and presented versions of Swan Lake, Raymonda, and Giselle that have been revived frequently. Among other major ballets are his Don Quixote (1869), La Bayadère (1877), and Le Corsaire (1899). After the death of his first wife, Petipa married another dancer, Lyubov Leonidovna.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Petipa, Marius — (1818 1910)    dancer, choreographer    Marius Petipa, whose works represent the culmination of classical ballet, was born in Marseille, the brother of the dancer Joseph Lucien Petipa and the son of the dancer and choreographed Jean Petipa, with… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Petipa, Marius — (11 mar. 1818, Marsella, Francia–14 jul. 1910, Gurzuf, Ucrania, Imperio ruso). Bailarín y coreógrafo ruso de origen francés. Recibió las primeras lecciones de su padre, que era maestro de ballet. Fue bailarín principal en Francia, Bélgica y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Marius Petipa — Maestro Marius Ivanovich Petipa, Premier Maître de Ballet of the St. Petersburg Imperial Theatres. St. Petersburg, 1887. Birth name Marius Alphonse Petipa …   Wikipedia

  • Marius Petipa — Nacimiento 11 de marzo de 1818 Marsella, Francia Defunción 14 de julio de 1910, 88 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Petipa — Marius Petipa. Marius Petipa (/mari ʏs peti pa/; * 11. März 1818 in Marseille; † 14. Juli 1910 in Hursuf auf der Krim (heutige Ukraine)), war ein französisch russischer Balletttänzer und Cho …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marius Petipa — Marius Petipa. Marius Petipa (/mari ʏs peti pa/; * 11. März 1818 in Marseille; † 1. Julijul./ 14. Juli 1910greg. in Hursuf auf der Krim (heutige Ukraine)), war ein französis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • PETIPA (M.) — PETIPA MARIUS (1822 1910) Issu d’une famille de danseurs, né à Marseille, Marius Petipa est, avec ses frères Lucien et Jean, élève de son père Jean Antoine. Il paraît pour la première fois sur scène au théâtre de la Monnaie de Bruxelles dans la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Petipa — (Marius) (1822 1910) danseur et chorégraphe français; un des créateurs de l école russe de ballet …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Petipa — Petipa, Marius (1819 1910) a French ↑ballet dancer and choreographer (=someone who arranges the way dancers move) who began the modern classical ballet. He was the choreographer for more than sixty ballets, including the famous ballets The… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Marius Petipa — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Petipa. Marius Petipa vers 1890 Michel Victor Marius Alphonse Petipa, en russe Marius Ivanovitch Petipa Мариус Иванович Петипа, né à Marse …   Wikipédia en Français

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