Northern Wei sculpture

Northern Wei sculpture
Chinese sculpture, dominated by simple images of the Buddha, dating from the era of the Northern Wei dynasty (AD 386–534/535).

The art represents the first major influence of Buddhism on China, and may be divided into two major periods. The first style (с 452–494), an amalgam of foreign influences traceable to the Buddhist art of India, is characterized by heavy stylization of blocky volumes. The second style (с 494–535) clothes the Buddha in the costume of the Chinese scholar and emphasizes a sinuous cascade of drapery falling over an increasingly flattened figure.

* * *

▪ Chinese art
      Chinese sculpture, dating from the Northern Wei period (AD 386–534/535) of the Six Dynasties, that represents the first major Buddhist (Buddhism) influence on Chinese art. Produced in the northern territory that was occupied and ruled by foreign invaders and that was quick to respond to Buddhism, Northern Wei sculpture is distinct from the more traditional indigenous art produced in the south, which was ruled by native Chinese dynasties.

      Few examples of Northern Wei sculpture survive from before about AD 450. From 446 to 452, Buddhism was under attack; it was quickly restored to favour, however, and there followed a major period of Buddhist art featuring various iconographic types, with simple images of the Buddha predominating. Northern Wei sculpture may be divided into two major periods: the first from immediately following the persecution to 494, when the capital of the Northern Wei was moved from the northern city of Pingcheng (the present Datong, Shanxi province) to the ancient centre of Chinese civilization, Luoyang (Henan province); and the second from 494 to the end of the Northern Wei period. The style of the first period is a curious amalgam of foreign influences that is ultimately traceable to the Buddhist art of India; this work emphasizes the heavy stylization of blocky volumes, giving a certain naive and archaic quality to the figures, as seen in the Yungang caves. While this style did not disappear entirely, it was ultimately replaced in the second phase of Northern Wei sculpture by a very different Chinese, or Longmen, style, which clothes the Buddha in the costume of the Chinese scholar. The latter style emphasizes a svelte and sinuous cascade of drapery falling over an increasingly flattened figure, as seen in the Longmen caves.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • sculpture — sculptural, adj. sculpturally, adv. /skulp cheuhr/, n., v., sculptured, sculpturing. n. 1. the art of carving, modeling, welding, or otherwise producing figurative or abstract works of art in three dimensions, as in relief, intaglio, or in the… …   Universalium

  • Wei — /way/, n. any of several dynasties that ruled in North China, esp. one ruling A.D. 220 265 and one ruling A.D. 386 534. * * * (as used in expressions) wei ch i Jiang Wei K ang Yu wei Northern Wei dynasty Northern Wei sculpture Wang Ching wei Wei… …   Universalium

  • northern — northernness, n. /nawr dheuhrn/, adj. 1. lying toward or situated in the north. 2. directed or proceeding northward. 3. coming from the north, as a wind. 4. (often cap.) of or pertaining to the North, esp. the northern U.S. 5. Astron. north of… …   Universalium

  • Sculpture — Sculptor redirects here. For the constellation, see Sculptor (constellation). For other uses, see Sculpture (disambiguation). The Dying Gaul, a Roman marble copy of a Hellenistic work of the late 3rd century BCE Capitoline Museums, Rome …   Wikipedia

  • Korean Buddhist sculpture — is one of the major areas of Korean art. Buddhism, a religion originating in what is now India, was transmitted to Korea via China in the late fourth century. [ Arts of Korea |… …   Wikipedia

  • arts, East Asian — Introduction       music and visual and performing arts of China, Korea, and Japan. The literatures of these countries are covered in the articles Chinese literature, Korean literature, and Japanese literature.       Some studies of East Asia… …   Universalium

  • Tori style — In Japanese art, a style of sculpture that emerged during the Asuka period (552–645) and lasted into the Nara period (710–784). Derived from the style of the Chinese Northern Wei dynasty (AD 386–534), Tori was named after a sculptor of Chinese… …   Universalium

  • Yungang caves — or Yün kang caves Series of magnificent Chinese Buddhist cave temples, created in the 5th century AD during the Northern Wei dynasty period. There are about 20 major cave temples and many smaller niches and caves, stretching for over half a mile …   Universalium

  • Longmen caves — or Lung men caves Series of Chinese cave temples carved into the rock of a high riverbank south of Luoyang, in Henan province. Construction began late in the Northern Wei dynasty (AD 386–535) and continued sporadically through the 6th century and …   Universalium

  • South Binyang Cave — (ch. 宾阳南洞) is cave number 159 at the Longmen Grottoes near Luoyang, Henan, China.HistoryInitiated by order of Emperor Xuanwu of the Northern Wei in honour of his parents Emperor Xiaowen and Empress Wenzhao, the cave was not completed until the… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”