Nicolet, Jean

Nicolet, Jean
born 1598, Cherbourg, France
died Nov. 1, 1642, Sillery, Que., Can.

French explorer in North America.

In 1618 he traveled to New France, where he lived with Indian tribes. He learned several Indian languages and became the interpreter for the French colony at Three Rivers (1633). He journeyed into Huron territory, canoeing with several Indians through the Straits of Mackinac to became the first European to see Lake Michigan (1634). He later explored the region of present-day Wisconsin.

* * *

▪ French explorer
born 1598, Cherbourg, France
died Nov. 1, 1642, Sillery, Que., Can.

      French North American explorer who was the first known European to discover Lake Michigan and what is now the state of Wisconsin.

      The son of a dispatch carrier, Nicolet was 20 years old when he traveled to New France (Canada) at the request of Samuel de Champlain. He lived with a friendly Indian tribe on Allumette Island in the Ottawa River, learned the Algonquian language and culture, and participated in negotiations with the Iroquois. He returned to Quebec in 1620 and was then sent to live among the distant Nipissing tribe. In 1624 he became their interpreter. Nine years later he returned to the Three Rivers settlement in New France and became the colony's official interpreter.

      In early 1634 Nicolet joined an expedition that journeyed westward into the Huron territory. There he obtained a large canoe and with seven Huron braves proceeded from Lake Huron through the Straits of Mackinac to discover Lake Michigan. The lake was not the Northwest Passage to the Pacific Ocean that Nicolet anticipated, but he sailed on to Green Bay and there concluded a friendship treaty with the Winnebago tribe.

      He explored the region of present-day Wisconsin for a short time before he returned to Quebec during the autumn of 1634. He resumed his duties as colony interpreter and earned considerable respect from both French settlers and local Indian tribes. Nicolet was drowned when his boat capsized during a sudden storm on the St. Lawrence River.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nicolet, Jean — (1598 1642)    Born at Cherbourg, Normandy. Came to Canada, 1618, and the same year sent to the Algonquians of Allumette Island, on the Ottawa, to learn their language. Remained with the tribe two years; and afterwards spent eight or nine years… …   The makers of Canada

  • Nicolet,Jean — Nic·o·let (nĭk ə lāʹ, nē kô lĕʹ), Jean. 1598 1642. French explorer who was the first European to reach the Great Lakes region (1634). * * * …   Universalium

  • Nicolet, Jean — (1598, Cherburgo, Francia–1 nov. 1642, Sillery, Quebec., Canadá). Explorador francés de América del Norte. En 1618 viajó a Nueva Francia, donde convivió con tribus indias. Aprendió varias lenguas indígenas y llegó a ser intérprete en la colonia… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jean Nicolet — Jean Nicolet, ataviado con su túnica de damasco y sus dos pistolas, en un cuadro del siglo XIX obra de 1910 de Franz Rohrbeck (1852 1919). Jean Nicolet (Nicollet) de Belleborne (Hainneville o Cherburgo, Coutances, Normandía, ca. 1598 ahogado en… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jean Nicolet — (Nicollet) de Belleborne (1598 November 1, 1642) was a French coureur de bois noted for exploring Green Bay in early modern North America.Life and explorationBorn around 1598 in Cherbourg, Normandy, France, son of Thomas Nicollet (spelled with… …   Wikipedia

  • jean — jeaned, adj. /jeen/ or, for 1, Brit. formerly /jayn/, n. 1. Sometimes, jeans. a sturdy twilled fabric, usually of cotton. 2. jeans, (used with a pl. v.) a. See blue jeans. b. pants of various fabrics, styled or constructed like blue jeans. Cf.… …   Universalium

  • Jean — Fr. /zhahonn/ for 1, 2; /jeen/ for 3, n. 1. born 1921, Grand Duke of Luxembourg since 1964. 2. a male given name, form of John. 3. a female given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Jean François Gravelet Jean Boulogne Jean Baptiste Poquelin… …   Universalium

  • jean — altjean o yin/alt (voz inglesa) ► masculino Pantalón de tela muy resistente, generlamente de color, con costuras vistas. También jeans o yins para referirse a una sola prenda. * * * (as used in expressions) Agassiz, (Jean) Louis (Rodolphe)… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Nicolet, Quebec —   Ville   Ville de Nicolet …   Wikipedia

  • Nicolet-Yamaska (provincial electoral district) — Nicolet Yamaska Quebec electoral district Provincial electoral district Legislature National Assembly of Quebec MNA       Jean Martin Aussant Option nationale …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”