National Assembly

National Assembly
French Assemblée Nationale

French parliamentary body.

The name was used first during the French Revolution to designate the revolutionary assembly formed by representatives of the Third Estate (1789) and then as a short form for the National Constituent Assembly (1789–91). It was used again when the National Assembly of 1871–75 drafted a new constitution. In the Third Republic (1875–1940), the name designated the two houses of parliament, the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. In the Fourth Republic (1946–58) and Fifth Republic (from 1958), the name was applied only to the lower house (the former Chamber of Deputies). The National Assembly consists of 577 deputies, elected in single-seat constituencies for five-year terms.

* * *

▪ historical French parliament
French  Assemblée Nationale,  

      any of various historical French parliaments or houses of parliament. From June 17 to July 9, 1789, it was the name of the revolutionary assembly formed by representatives of the Third Estate; thereafter (until replaced by the Legislative Assembly on Sept. 30, 1791) its formal name was National Constituent Assembly (Assemblée Nationale Constituante), though popularly the shorter form persisted.

      The name was not used again until the National Assembly of 1871–75, which concluded the Franco-German War and drafted the constitution of 1875. During the ensuing Third Republic (1875–1940), it was the joint name for the two houses of parliament, the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. During the Fourth Republic (1946–58), it was the new name of the lower house alone (the former Chamber of Deputies)—the name of the upper house (the former Senate) being changed to the Council of the Republic. For the Fifth Republic (beginning in 1958), the name National Assembly was retained for the lower house, and the upper house reverted to the name of Senate.

      Popularly, the name National Assembly has often been used when referring to any constituent assembly (assemblée constituante)—not only the National Constituent Assembly of the Revolution but also the Constituent Assembly of 1848 (which created the Second Republic) and the Constituent Assembly of 1945–46 (which created the Fourth Republic).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • National Assembly F.C. — National Assembly Full name National Assembly Football Club Ground Edwin Imboela Stadium Lusaka, Zambia (Capacity: 6,000) …   Wikipedia

  • National Assembly — Part of the Politics series Politics List of political topics Politics by country …   Wikipedia

  • National Assembly — Nationalversammlung (mitunter auch Volksversammlung) ist die Bezeichnung für verschiedene historische und gegenwärtige parlamentarische Versammlungen, im deutschen Sprachraum meist für eine Verfassunggebende Versammlung. Der Begriff geht zurück… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • National Assembly — (Nationalversammlung)    In accordance with a 30 November 1918 ruling by the Council of People s Representatives,* elections for a constituent assembly were held on 19 January 1919. Six parties and several splinter groups campaigned in Germany s… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • national assembly — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms national assembly : singular national assembly plural national assemblies in some countries, an elected institution that has the power to rule …   English dictionary

  • National assembly —    After the Batavian Revolutionin 1795, the sovereignty of the traditional provinces merged into a unified state. The old States Generalwas replaced by a representative body, based on the French model, directly elected by men of at least 20… …   Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands

  • National Assembly of Serbia — Народна скупштина Србије Narodna skupština Srbije Type Type …   Wikipedia

  • National Assembly for Wales — Cynulliad Cenedlaethol Cymru Type Type Unicameral …   Wikipedia

  • National Assembly of Thailand — รัฐสภาไทย (Ratthasapha Thai) Type Type …   Wikipedia

  • National Assembly of Bulgaria — Народно събрание Type Type …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”