Nahḍah, Ḥizb al-

Nahḍah, Ḥizb al-
(Arabic; "Renaissance Party")

Tunisian political party founded in 1981 by Rachid al-Ghannouchi and Abdelfattah Mourou (ʽAbd al-Fattāḥ Mūrū) as the Islamic Tendency Movement.

Its platform called for a fairer distribution of economic resources, the establishment of multiparty democracy, and the injection of more religiosity in daily life; it claims to seek these goals through non-violent means. After 1984 the party was reorganized to operate clandestinely as well as publicly; it took its current name in 1988. Though the government of Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali has treated party members less harshly than did that of Habib Bourguiba, it remains illegal.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Ghannouchi, Rachid al- — also spelled Rāshid al Ghannūshī born с 1941, Tunisia Tunisian political activist and cofounder of Ḥizb al Nahdah (Renaissance Party). After studying philosophy in Damascus and at the Sorbonne in Paris, he returned to Tunisia and joined the… …   Universalium

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