- Nabuco (de Araújo), Joaquim (Aurelio Barretto)
born Aug. 19, 1849, Recife, Braz.died Jan. 17, 1910, Washington, D.C., U.S.Leader of Brazil's abolitionist movement.Both in the national Chamber of Deputies (from 1878) and in the Brazilian Anti-Slavery Society, which he founded, Nabuco worked tirelessly to end slavery in Brazil. Emancipation was proclaimed in 1888, and in the ensuing economic disruption the emperor Pedro II was overthrown (1889) and a republic established. A monarchist, Nabuco retired from public life until 1900, when he accepted the republic and entered its service. As ambassador to the U.S. he distinguished himself as an advocate of Pan-Americanism.
* * *