Mussolini, Benito (Amilcare Andrea)

Mussolini, Benito (Amilcare Andrea)
known as Il Duce

born July 29, 1883, Predappio, Italy
died April 28, 1945, near Dongo

Italian dictator (1922–43).

An unruly but intelligent youth, he became an ardent socialist and served as editor of the party newspaper, Avanti! (1912–14). When he reversed his opposition to World War I, he was ousted by the party. He founded the pro-war Il Popolo d'Italia, served with the Italian army (1915–17), then returned to his editorship. Advocating government by dictatorship, he formed a political group in 1919 that marked the beginning of fascism. A dynamic and captivating orator at rallies, he organized the March on Rome (1922) to prevent a socialist-led general strike. After the government fell, he was appointed prime minister, the youngest in Italian history. He obtained a law to establish the fascists as the majority party and became known as Il Duce ("The Leader"). He restored order to the country and introduced social reforms and public works improvements that won widespread popular support. His dreams of empire led to the invasion of Abyssinia (later Ethiopia) in 1935. Supported in his fascist schemes by Adolf Hitler but wary of German power, Mussolini agreed to the Rome-Berlin Axis and declared war on the Allies in 1940. Italian military defeats in Greece and North Africa led to growing disillusionment with Mussolini. After the Allied invasion of Sicily (1943), the Fascist Grand Council dismissed him from office. He was arrested and imprisoned but rescued by German commandos, then became head of the Hitler-installed puppet government at Salò in northern Italy. As German defenses in Italy collapsed in 1945, Mussolini tried to escape to Austria but was captured and executed by Italian partisans.

Benito Mussolini.

H. Roger-Viollet

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

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  • Mussolini,Benito Amilcare Andrea — Mus·so·li·ni (mo͞o sə lēʹnē, mo͝os ə , mo͞os sō ), Benito Amilcare Andrea. Known as “Il Duce.” 1883 1945. Italian Fascist dictator and prime minister (1922 1943) who conducted an expansionist foreign policy, formalized an alliance with Germany… …   Universalium

  • Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini — Benito Mussolini Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (* 29. Juli 1883 in Dovia di Predappio bei Forlì in der Region Emilia Romagna; † 28. April 1945 in Giulino di Mezzegra am Comer See) war von 1922 bis 1943 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mussolini, Benito (Amilcare Andrea) — llamado Il Duce (29 jul. 1883, Predappio, Italia–28 abr. 1945, cerca de Dongo). Dictador italiano (1922–43). Joven rebelde e inteligente, se convirtió en un socialista ardiente y fue director del periódico del partido, Avanti! (1912–14). Cuando… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Mussolini, Benito — ▪ Italian dictator Introduction in full  Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini,  byname  Il Duce  (Italian:  “The Leader”)   born July 29, 1883, Predappio, Italy died April 28, 1945, near Dongo  Italian prime minister (1922–43) and the first of 20th… …   Universalium

  • Benito Mussolini — Mussolini redirects here. For other uses, see Mussolini (disambiguation). Benito Mussolini …   Wikipedia

  • Benito Mussolini — «Mussolini» redirige aquí. Para otras acepciones, véase Mussolini (desambiguación). Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini …   Wikipedia Español

  • Benito Mussolini — Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (* 29. Juli 1883 in Dovia; † 28. April 1945 in Giulino di Mezzegra) war von 1922 bis 1943 der Diktator Italiens. Mussolini war während der gesamten Zeit Ministerpräsident und Capo del Governo …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Andrea — /an dree euh, ahn , ahn dray euh/, n. a male or female given name, Latinized form of Andrew. * * * (as used in expressions) Andrea del Sarto Andrea d Agnolo Castagno Andrea del Andrea di Bartolo Doria Andrea Gabrieli Andrea and Giovanni Guarneri… …   Universalium

  • Benito — ► adjetivo RELIGIÓN De la orden benedictina. * * * benito, a (del lat. «benedictus») adj. y n. Benedictino. * * * benito, ta. (Del lat. benedictus). adj. benedictino. Apl. a pers …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Andrea — (as used in expressions) Andrea del Sarto Andrea d Agnolo Castagno, Andrea del Andrea di Bartolo Doria, Andrea Gabrieli, Andrea y Giovanni Guarneri, Andrea Mantegna, Andrea Mussolini, Benito (Amilcare Andrea) Orcagna, Andrea …   Enciclopedia Universal

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