Moore, Stanford

Moore, Stanford
born Sept. 4, 1913, Chicago, Ill., U.S.
died Aug. 23, 1982, New York, N.Y.

U.S. biochemist.

He shared a 1972 Nobel Prize with Christian Anfinsen (1916–95) and William Stein (1911–80) for research on the molecular structures of proteins. He is best known for his applications of chromatography to the analysis of amino acids and peptides obtained from proteins and biological fluids and for the use of those analyses in determining the structure of the enzyme ribonuclease.

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▪ American biochemist
born Sept. 4, 1913, Chicago, Ill., U.S.
died Aug. 23, 1982, New York, N.Y.

      American biochemist, who, with Christian B. Anfinsen (Anfinsen, Christian B.) and William H. Stein (Stein, William H.), received the 1972 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for their research on the molecular structures of proteins.

      Moore received his Ph.D. degree from the University of Wisconsin in 1938 and joined the staff of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research (now Rockefeller University) in New York City in 1939, attaining the rank of professor in 1952.

      Working together at the Rockefeller Institute, Moore and Stein pioneered new methods of chromatography for use in analyzing amino acids and small peptides obtained by the hydrolysis of proteins. In 1958 they helped develop the first automatic amino-acid analyzer, a machine that greatly facilitated the analysis of the amino acid sequences of proteins. In 1959 Moore and Stein used the new machine to make the first determination of the complete chemical structure of an enzyme, ribonuclease.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Moore — /moor, mawr, mohr/, n. 1. Archibald Lee (Archie), born 1916?, U.S. boxer. 2. Brian, born 1921, U.S. novelist. 3. Clement Clarke, 1779 1863, U.S. scholar and writer. 4. Douglas Stuart, 1893 1969, U.S. composer. 5. Eliakim Hastings /i luy euh kim/ …   Universalium

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